Timeline of the Irish War of Independence

30th December 1918

Belfast

Republican Wing of Crumlin Road Gaol closed off. Sinn Féin inmates, led by Austin Stack, hold a march with music and smuggled instruments and flags. Laurence O'Neill, Lord Mayor of Dublin seeks meeting with Castle authorities to end crisis.

Nenagh.

400 Volunteers march through Nenagh to mark election of Joe McDonagh. They march behind 50 torch bearers, and three Americans (two nurses and a soldier) who carry American flag and tricolour. 2,000 people gather on Barrack Street to hear speeches.

Athy.

A torchlight procession of 1,000 people, followed by a meeting, takes place in Athy to celebrate Art O'Connor's and Domhnall Ua Buachalla's victory in the Kildare constituencies. They congregate in Market Square where tar barrels are lit in celebration.

Carlow - Graigue

A large procession of people marched through streets of Carlow, headed by the Carlow-Graigue fife and drum and Carlow Pipe band, to celebrate the election of Kevin O'Higgins in the Laois Constituency.

Maryborough.

The Court Martial of Myles, Michael and John Walsh, of Tullow, Carlow, takes place - charged with possession of explosives. Myles was found not guilty. The case against John was thrown out. Michael was remanded for consideration of verdict.

31st December 1918

Dublin

Count George Noble Plunkett, recently elected Sinn Féin candidate for North Roscommon, arrives in Dublin after 7 months imprisonment in Birmingham Jail.

Nenagh

The Nenagh Fife and Drum Band parade through the town after midnight on New Year's Eve to celebrate the passing of 1918.

1st January 1919

Kill, Kildare

Kill Town Hall, a small wooden and galvanized structure used by locality for dances and events is burned to the ground.

Killaloe/Ballina

W. Darcy and P. Lyons, two popular locals, that were arrested two weeks ago on suspicion of Volunteer activity are released from Limerick Jail without charge. They receive a warm reception on their return to their homes

Dublin

Baltinglass man, John Gallagher, court-martialled in connection with seizure of documents outlining Volunteer plan to seize Tullow Police Barracks and claim important documents from the Post Office. Verdict to decided later

Belfast

Following the intervention of Lord Mayor of Dublin, Laurence O'Neill Republican prisoners in Belfast Jail, led by Austin Stack agree to end their isolation and cooperate with authorities.

2nd January 1919

Carlow

A meeting of the Carlow Guardians is told that 209 people resided in Carlow Workhouse during Christmas 1918.

Nenagh

At a meeting of local farmers, a policy of protest was adopted at the military's continued practice of commandeering hay from locals. It is stated that at a time when the army was getting rid most of their horses, the forced seizure of hay wasn't necessary

Irish Coast

A storm in the Irish Sea causes long delays to shipping and passenger ships in the Irish Sea. The same weather front causes the sinking of the HMS Iolaire off the Scottish Hebrides resulting in the loss of 205 men.

3rd January 1919

Wicklow

What the Wicklow Newsletter claimed to be 'a record' number of 100 people queued up for unemployment benefit along Main Street. £425 was distributed to those that qualified.

Ballina, Tipperary

Prominent Sinn Féiner, James McKeogh's house in Ballina is raided by 30 armed soldiers, and 15 policemen. They searched the McKeogh home on suspicion of Volunteer literature, but left without finding anything

Rathdowney

The home of E Fitzpatrick is raided by armed soldiers looking for materials in contravention of the Defense of the Realm Act (DORA). They found nothing but removed a photograph of DeValera

Thurles

Cathal Brugha is arrested. A policeman approached as he awaited train to Dublin. He asked him his name. When Brugha replied, the policeman asked 'was that Irish?' The arrest was then made. It is the first arrest of an elected official since the election.

Dublin

At a meeting of Dublin Corporation, it is unanimously decided to offer the Freedom of the city to President Woodrow Wilson, on occasion of his visit to Europe. A delegation, led by the Lord Mayor is selected, to travel to Paris to try meet him.

4th January 1919

Greystones

Much amusement was generated in the town when an 'aeroplane' was forced to land in a field just outside Greystones. He took off the following morning amid much fanfare.

Kilkenny

The Kilkenny People reports that there were 260 people residing in Kilkenny Workhouse, the same number as resided there on 4th January 1918. The average cost during the week for each person was 7s. 6d. This rose to 16 s. for those in the Fever Hospital

Killaloe

The home of an elderly woman, Mary Keogh, Main Street, Killaloe, was raided by the local RIC Sergeant, Sgt. Harrington. Photos of the Archbishop of Melbourne, Dr. Mannix, and the late Bishop O'Dwyer of Limerick are taken away.

Pwllheli, West Wales

PM Lloyd George visits his native Wales and attends function in Welsh. He praises the region for not forgetting its language or traditions. This comes hours after the release of Cathal Brugha, arrested in Thurles for giving his name in Irish

5th January 1919

Graiguecullen

A public meeting is held in the town, along with several other towns across Ireland, during which a resolution was adopted demanding the release of Irish prisoners from British Jails

Bagnalstown

Hundreds of people attend public meeting in the Market Square in Bagnasltown demanding release of Sinn Féin prisoners

'Kitchener did not live long afterwards. Like the Pharaohs of old, he and his horsemen were drowned in the sea. Maxwell still lives, but Maxwell will be left to the will of God'

Castlecomer

Mrs. A.M Laracy, member of local District Council, says at the local protest meeting 'When Kitchener and that brute...Maxwell decided to execute [Pearse] they little dreamed such a spirit as has animated Ireland with their bloody deeds ...

Ballacolla

A Sinn Féin branch is established in Ballacolla. Over 40 people are enrolled to the branch. Mr. J. Hyland presided over the meeting and they decided to call themselves the 'Thomas Ashe Club'

Maryborough

Kevin O'Higgins addresses the Maryborough public meeting; 'Sinn Féin is no longer a political party, it is the Irish nation and it speaks now with all the force, moral, and if necessary,the physical force of the people of Ireland to back its claim'

6th January 1919

Kilkenny

The main attraction at Kilkenny Cinema is 'Thelma', a six-reel adaptation of Marie Corelli's book of the same name. In the lead role is Malvina Longfellow who was embroiled in the death of Billie Carleton in London weeks before

Oyster Bay, New York

The 26th President of the Unites States, Theodore Roosevelt dies, aged 60

7th January 1919

Maryborough

John Mahon, Banagher, is courtmartialled in Maryborough. He is charged with possession of ammunition and explosives following a search of his home in November 1918. Verdict to be reached at later date.

Dublin

The first meeting of elected Sinn Féin MPs from the General Election takes place. They take an oath pledging not to attend the English Parliament and to accept nothing less than complete separation from England.

Berlin

Chaos in the German Capital as 500,000 striking workers descend upon downtown and several armed strikers occupy key buildings. The Spartacist Uprising is led by Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.

8th January 1919

Maryborough

It is recorded that 508 people resided in Maryborough Asylum. Three people have escaped in recent weeks, and one man died yesterday in unknown circumstances.

Cork

Four men are courtmartialled under charges against the D.O.R.A; Philip Lennon (New Ross), John Maher (Goldengrove, Tipperary), William Dwyer (Dundrum, Tipperary), and Ben Hickey (Golden, Tipperary). None of the men refuse to recognise the Court.

9th January 1919

Kilkenny

The Annual Concert in aid of the Christian Brothers School @CBSKilkenny1859 takes place in the Theatre Royal. The event is sold out and featured a performance of ‘Paid in His Own Coin’ by members of the dramatic class.

Bray

Charles Brien, from Shankill, was given a reception in Bray following a parade escort into the town’s Sinn Féin Rooms by the local pipe band. Brien had spent three months in Belfast Prison.

Rathdrum

Thomas Cullen is before court for assaulting 2 RIC Officers on day three men were imprisoned for commemorating the Manchester Martyrs. The court was packed with armed officers, a military battalion stood by in the Barracks. Cullen is remanded on bail.

10th January 1919

London

It is announced that Ian Macpherson, 1st Baron Strathcarron, is to succeed Edward Shortt as Chief Secretary to Ireland. Shortt moves to London to become Home Secretary. Lord French to remain as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland

Mountjoy Prison

Republican prisoners continue not to cooperate with officials. Extensive damage is caused to several cells throughout the jail

Killarney

Six men are brought before court charged with Volunteer drilling. Two of them are sentenced to three months prison with hard labour, another for two months, during proceedings a woman wearing a Sinn Féin badge was removed

11th January 1919

Dublin

Shortly after 10am, 30 RIC Officers raid the Sinn Féin HG on Hardcourt Street. No arrests were made, but literature was seized such as the draft constitution of Dáil Éireann and American pamphlets supporting the Easter Rising

London

F.E Smith is appointed Lord Chancellor as Lord Birkenhead. During the Home Rule Crisis he stated that Carson could rely upon ‘the most extreme action’ in support of defence of Ulster.

Dublin

The Jewish Community of Dublin make their second large donation to the Evening Herald’s ‘Boot Fund’, set up to buy shoes for poor children in the city.

12th January 1919

Dublin

A meeting of the Irish Reconstruction Committee is held at the Royal College of Science to discuss the possibility of harnessing the power of water to generate electricity

Berlin

Unconfirmed reports of the death of the leader of the Sparticist Uprising, Karl Liebknecht as he has not been seen for three days. Uprising spreads to German provinces as authorities begin to get upper hand in German capital

London

A detailed report outlining how many casualties were caused in GB by German airraids during the War is released. There was a total of 5,611 casualties, 1,360 deaths (295 children were killed)

Croke Park

@TipperaryGAA defeat @MayoGAA 2-2 to 1-4 to advance to the 1918 All-Ireland Football final. In front of 4,000 spectators, Tipperary score a last minute point to advance to the decider.

Dublin

A Sale-of-Work is held in the Royal Hospital, Kilmainham, for wounded soldiers. It is opened by Lord French

13th January 1919

Dublin

4 survivors from the sunken Schooner, Fleetwing, arrive back in Dublin. The Wicklow Newsletter reports they're in poor state after their ordeal. The Fleetwing was 45 year old, 78 ton, 2 mast schooner that sunk in a gale in Caernarfon Bay, off Welsh Coast

Nenagh

Bill Hoolan, prominent Nenagh Volunteer, returns to town from six month’s imprisonment in Belfast Prison. En-route from Belfast he dropped into Michael Collins in GHQ inquiring as to why Austin Stack’s plan for a break out of Belfast prison was blocked

Dublin

Trouble in Mountjoy continues. In protest at treatment of prisoners, several men refuse to return to their cells after exercise. One of the most prominent is William Sears, TD. Rathdrum men are also imprisoned including John Byrne and James Barnes.

Dublin

Despite judiciary being present, and a jury sworn in, the Quarterly-Sessions are told that there was no case from Dublin to proceed with. The Recorder notes it is a good omen that 1919 will be a peaceable year for the city and district

Arklow

A meeting of the Arklow Urban Council passes a resolution demanding the release of all Irish prisoners in English prisons unanimously

Maryborough

Amidst a downpour, a large military funeral takes place. Tom Greene, of Lyster’s Lane, is buried. Members of the Leinster Regiment attend as his coffin, draped in a Union Jack, is brought to graveyard

Naas

The local Sinn Féin club forcibly acquire a room in Naas Town Hall for their club rooms.

Buenos Aires

Violence between police and striking workers in the Argentine capital increase as violent mobs attack Jewish quarters of the city. Hundreds of people are feared dead in Argentina’s Semana TrÁgica (Tragic Week)

14th January 1919

Paris

Amount of delegates each country is allowed at the Peace Conference is decided upon. USA, UK, France, Italy and Japan will have 5 delegates each. Brazil, owing to ‘its important population’, will have 3. China will only have 2, same as Belgium and Serbia.

Belfast

Work ceased in shipyards at noon to allow for a ballot for either 47 or 44 hour working week. Tensions rise as spectre of a widespread strike grows

Mountmellick

An inquiry is held into an incident whereby Sergeant Timothy Hegarty unlawfully arrested the local Methodist Minister, and that he was on the same day guilty of drunkenness and of being improperly dressed. Verdict to be announced at later date

Arklow

After the Fair was held in the town, local farmers met in the Hibernian Hall and formed themselves into a cooperative.

15th January 1919

Berlin

Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht are arrested in Berlin by paramilitary Freikorps and brought to the Eden Hotel where they are tortured for hours

Luxemburg is shot dead afterwards and thrown in a canal. Liebknecht is forced out of a moving car and shot in the back, to give impression he died whilst evading capture, which was the official line that was given to the world’s press

Liverpool

Horace Plunkett departs for America. Before he leaves he states he had hoped that the War would have brought England and Ireland together, but that President Wilson could represent the Irish people far better than the PM at upcoming Paris conference

Boston

A massive tank full of molasses burst in the North End District of Boston. It releases millions of gallons of the thick black substance which hurtled at 35 mph into the adjoining neighbourhood. 21 people die.

Of the 21 that die, 10 are Irish American;

Patrick Breen (44)

William Brogan (61)

Bridget Clougherty (65)

Stephen Clougherty (34)

John Callahan (34)

William Duffy (58)

James Kineally

Micheal Sinnot (76)

James McMullan (46)

Peter Shaughnessy (18)

2 more men who died, Peter Francis (64) and Tom Noonan (43) are Irish born

16th January 1919

Paris

Widespread dismay as it is announced that Peace Conference will be held behind closed doors, away from press. The Paris PA correspondent says ‘The governments of the 5 great powers have decided to keep the press at arm’s length and the public in ignorance’

Athy

A Sinn Féin victory celebration was held in a packed town hall in Athy. The modest entry fee was put towards costs accrued during the recent campaign.

Nenagh

A strike continues in McCurtin’s bakers in the town. An ITGWU rep told the Nenagh Guardian that the striking bakers demanded 10s increase in wages, or a reduction in output, or the hiring of an extra baker

17th January 1919

Paris

On the eve of the opening of the Peace Conference, international newspaper condemnation of a press shutout imposed during talks continues. They suggest that the implied secret diplomacy which could occur was opposed by President Wilson and PM Lloyd George

Clonmel

A large fire destroys a large store to the rear of Fitzgerald’s Printing Works on Parnell Street. The Fire Brigade, in the knowledge that the fire could not be put out, focused on containing it and stopping its spread to the adjoining buildings

Dublin

The third meeting of Republican members of parliament is held in Dublin. Sean T. O’Kelly presides as discussions are held over conduct of business for the first proper public parliament meeting which will take place on Tuesday next in the Mansion House

Barcelona

Ahead of a rumoured strike of up to half a million workers, martial law is imposed in Barcelona. It is stated that the group organising the strike are 'Bolshevik' in nature, and some newspapers comment upon Lenin himself being in the Spanish city

Finuge, Kerry

The Kerryman reports an incident where a group, armed with sticks and stones, and fueled by pints of porter assembled in centre of village demanding Sinn Féiners fight them. After their call is unanswered they break a few windows and retire to rest

Monard, Cork

Two soldiers guarding the Monard Rail Bridge are shot at close range by two men behind a fence. One of the men, Private Hardman, is shot in the head. They are immediately conveyed to hospital, where Hardman's condition is said to be serious

Belfast

Bernard Campbell, solicitor is sentenced for one month in prison for using seditious language at a Sinn Féinn meeting. When speaking about a Volunteer that fought in Ashbourne in 1916, he said...

'That man was a true patriot and a great Irishman who fought at Ashbourne, and there accounted for 20 or 30 of the greatest enemies of Ireland - the Royal Irish Constabulary. Those men have always been greater enemies of Ireland than even the English themselves'

Cambridge University

The compulsory study of Greek in the University, which has been in place for 90 years, is overturned by a vote of 162 to 14

Dublin

At Bank of Ireland's half yearly meeting it is announced that they have made a profit of £214,000 in the last six months. They have deposits of £20 million

18th January 1919

Paris

The Peace Conference opens in the Clock Hall of the French Foreign Office with a speech by French President, Raymond PoincarÉ. He concludes by pledging a league of nations as a guarantee against any fresh assaults upon the rights of peoples

Dublin

The Irish ‘Government’ meets in Dublin Castle. It includes Viscount French (Lord Lieutenant), Denis Henry (Attorney-General, Solicitor General), James Macmahon (Irish Under Secretary), General Sir Frederick Shaw (Commander in Chief of Forces in Ireland)

19th January 1919

Three Rock Mountain, Dublin

2 RIC Officers come upon 50 Volunteers drilling in the Dublin Mtns. The Volunteers rushed at the Officers, based in Stepaside, and tied them up, relieving them of their weapons and ammo. They took off in direction of city.

Kildalkey, Meath

Dry January in evidence in Kildalkey as the local temperance movement enrols 10 new members, brining total membership to 160. They pledge to organise a protest against alcohol for St. Patrick’s Day

Croke Park

@OfficialWexGAA defeat @louthgaa to win the 1918 Leinster Football Final. It is their sixth title in a row

Tullow

A meeting of Sinn Féin clubs from Carlow is held. Represented were Tullow, Ballyhacket, Carlow, Clashganny, Clonegal, Clonmore, Hacketstown, Leighlinbridge, Myshall, Rathanna, Rathvilly, and Tynock

Maryborough

A meeting of workers is held with a view towards organising a county-wide labour movement. Representatives from ITGWU, Land and Labour Association, and Queen’s Co. National School Teachers Association spoke at event

Gragara, Kilkenny

An angry crowd of farmers meet in the townland of Gragara to voice their anger at the unfair division of land by Lord Bellew. A resolution is passed demanding that fairness and justice is sought in a non-violent manner

Athlone

It is reported that an RIC Constable, Private Grehan, who was missing, presumed dead following the sinking of the Leinster in October 1918, turns up at his mother's home alive and well

20th January 1919

Tipperary Town

Patrick O’Dwyer begins his 7th morning watching Tipp barracks, keeping an eye out for a load of gelignite to be transported to @SoloheadbegC. After fruitless day he went to a disused house on SeÁn Hogan’s farm in hope his watch would end tomorrow

Dublin

The London Times Cork correspondent doubts that Sinn Féin have any ‘extra-parliamentary’ plans ahead of the first Dáil tomorrow. He says that talk of a general strike among other things are ‘an amateurish imitation of the old land-league’

Sinn Féin Headquarters, Hardcourt Street, Dublin

By 11am there are only 20 tickets left for gallery for tomorrow’s meeting of Dáil Éireann. The final tickets are quickly snapped up and a notice is placed on the door of the SF HQ stating no tickets are remaining

Cootehill

Over 200 people gather in Cootehill in expectation of a public meeting to form a local labour movement. However, after over an hour of waiting, they are forced to disperse in disappointment as nobody from the ITGWU HQ turns up, as had been agreed

Navan

Tensions rise as Meath SF call on members to stop hunting until the release of all SF prisoners in England. The Meath Farmer’s Association responds by denouncing the call to cease hunting.

Carlow

The Carlow branch of the Women’s National Health Association (WHNA). The WHNA is a women’s movement set up to eradicate TB among the poor in Ireland and to reduce infant mortality rates.

Graiguecullen

Gearóid O’Sullivan is arrested. He is charged with making an illegal speech in Ennis. He is held until a motor car arrives from Clare with RIC Officers. O’Sullivan is released after they state he was not the man that gave the offending speech

Arklow

The problem of unemployment in the town is shown once again, when nine men are moved to Wicklow to work in the local Manure Works, but several had to return as lodgings could not be secured for them

Navan

The local Sinn Féin club condemn the action of some members who maliciously broke windows from certain townspeople’s windows on same evening as their victory celebration following the election

Athlone

600 operatives go on strike bringing work in the local Woollen Mill to a standstill. They are all members of the English Trade Union, the National Union of General Workers. They object to some co-workers who refuse to join the union

21st January 1919

12.05pm

Tipperary Town

Patrick O’Dwyer observes a cart of gelignite leaving the barracks, being driven by James Godfrey, accompanied by a County Council Officer, Patrick Flynn, and two RIC Officers. O’Dwyer makes his way to Soloheadbeg to report to Sean Treacy

12.40pm

Soloheadbeg

When cart of gelignite reaches Soloheadbeg, 8 Volunteers await. Dan Breen & Sean Treacy call ‘halt, put your hands up’. When the two RIC officers move to aim their weapons they are shot dead. They are James McDonnell and Patrick O'Connell.

3.35pm

Dawson Street, Dublin

27 men, who were elected in the 1918 General Election to Parliament, enter the Round Room of the Mansion House. They were greeted by prolonged cheers from the men and women that had gained entry to the room #Dail100

3.45pm

Mansion House

A hush fell over the packed gallery once Count Plunkett began to speak in Irish. He proposed that Cathal Brugha be appointed President of the assembly for the day #Dail100

This was unanimously agreed to and the Dublin man, representing Waterford County became the first leader of an Irish legislative assembly since John Foster, the last speaker of the Irish House of Commons before the Act of Union

3.55pm

Mansion House

Brugha read out the names of each person invited to attend, including all Unionist and Irish Parliamentary Party MPs. There was much laughter when Edward Carson’s name was announced and noted as absent.

Usk Prison, South East Wales

Frank Shouldice, Joe McGrath, George Geraghty and Barney Mellows escape from Usk Prison late in the evening. Their escape plan had not been shared with GHQ and put under threat ongoing efforts to break DeValera out of Lincoln Prison

Belfast

Another outbreak of violence in the Crumlin Road Jail as cells were smashed by republican prisoners. Authorities entered the wind and forcibly handcuffed 40 prisoners in an effort to subdue them

Lincoln Prison

SeÁn Etchingham, elected MP for Wicklow East, is released from Lincoln Prison on medical grounds. His release is seen as a move to stop any potential trouble had he died in the prison, where he was incarcerated along with Eamonn deValera

Nenagh

The @NenaghGuardian points to the tragedy in Soloheadbeg; though the system they represent is one of the most anti-national in the entire world. The Irish people have recognised that it is alien spirit in control and not the ordinary constable at fault

Richmond Road, Dublin

Mr. Alfred Pearson, a middle-aged man, was found dead on a footpath near his home with gunshot wounds

Arklow

A major search is carried out by 7 RIC Officers of the premises of T. Kavanagh, Railway Tavern, in connection with an associate of Kavanagh’s, Mr. Gregory, who is secretary of the Arklow SF Club. Another search is carried out of McGraths on Main St

Maryborough

John Hayden, Offaly St, Athy, is courtmaritalled for possession of documentation likely to cause ‘disaffection to his Majesty’. Hayden refuses to recognise court and when proceedings concludes he sings ‘Soldier’s Song’ as he is dragged away

Maryborough

The local Cumann na mBan are allowed to give dinners to the men that were being courtmartialled, including John Hayden, and 3 others. The DORA prisoners were very grateful for their kindness

Avoca, Wicklow

Michael Traynor is expected to his home in Avoca following his release from Belfast Prison. He had played a pivotal role in the food strike in the prison and events there last Christmas and New Years

Kells

The Meath Farmer’s Association ramp up their opposition to Sinn Féin and formally pass a resolution denouncing their call for a stop on all hunting in the county until release of all republican prisoners in English jails

Killaloe

Derrycastle House is destroyed by fire. The house had been owned by the Spaight family, and there had been much rancour at prospect of unfair division of attached lands in 1918. W.L Hodgins, Nenagh Solicitor, ended up buying the house in late 1918

Westminster

A bill is read in the House of Commons relating to the potential application of the system of Proportional Representation voting for Irish local elections

22nd January 1919

Hardcourt St., Dublin

Having heard that SeÁn Etchingham had a message from Lincoln Jail for him, Michael Collins rushes back to Dublin from England. He bursts into a room in HQ and demands of Con Collins and Piaras BÉalsaí where he was...

Having no idea where he was, Collins left and soon caught up with the released man. Capping off a hectic day, Collins then covertly left Dublin for England again that night to continue plans for an attempt to spring DeValera from his majesty's hospitality in Lincoln

22nd January 1919

Coachford, Cork

The remains of Constable Patrick O'Connell arrive by motor car from Tipperary ahead of funeral. Constable James McDonnell will be interred in St. Michael's Cemetery in Tipperary tomorrow

23rd January 1919

Tipperary Town

Constable James McDonnell, one of the two men that died in the Soloheadbeg Ambush, is buried in St. Michael's Cemetery in Tipperary

Dublin

Laurence O'Neill is re-elected for a third term as Lord Mayor of Dublin. He says 'they were passing through dangerous times did not know what fate might be in store for them and that that the year to come wasn't going to be one of sublime sunshine'

Cork

William F. O'Connor is elected Lord Mayor of Cork

Belfast

John C. White is elected Lord Mayor of Belfast

Kilkenny

Peter DeLoughry is elected Lord Mayor of Kilkenny. He is currently imprisoned in Lincoln Jail and is deeply involved in plans for an escape of DeValera from the prison

Limerick

Phons O'Mara is re-elected Lord Mayor of Limerick

Dublin

Sean Etchingham and George Lyons, who were released on from Lincoln and Usk prisons, give detailed interviews to the Evening Herald and Irish Indo on their experiences. Etchingham described how DeValera hosted daily Spanish and Irish classes in Lincoln

Tipperary

Patrick Flynn, the County Council worker who escorted the consignment of gelignite to Soloheadbeg on Tuesday, is hospitalised for stress. He collapsed yesterday at the official coroner's inquest into the deaths of the 2 RIC Officers

London

A landmark case continues in which a hotel is appealing that government owes it rent for having its premises commandeered during the war for military purposes. In defence, a government solicitor quotes statutes set out by Henry VIII in the 16th Century

Tipperary South Riding

Tipperary South Riding is declared, by the Army Council and the Chief Secretary, a special military area following the Soloheadbeg ambush. Armed troops begin to flow into the district

The towns of Cashel and Ballyporeen see a number of companies of troops take residence for the first time as Crown Forces continue their investigations

Tipperary

The 2 men arrested in connection with the Soloheadbeg ambush are released. They are Patrick O'Gorman, Chruchfield, Donohill, and Edward Brown, Ballagh, Dundrum.

London

The English Morning Press newspaper reporting on the Soloheadbeg deaths states that there has been open conflict in Ireland for years now, and that Irish and British men are being shot in the open streets or from behind hedges.

Lincoln Prison

A letter written by Michael Collins is smuggled into DeValera. Collins explains that the next attempt to break out of the prison will take place on 28th Janaury

Nenagh

Michael Guilfoyle is unanimously re-elected as chairman of Nenagh Urban District Council for the 29th year in a row

Tuam

J. Hoey, Michael Moran, and Thomas Dunleavy were arrested by RIC officers in Tuam. All were members of the SF Club. Amidst the scuffle in the arrest of the three men an officer's rifle was accidentally discharged, narrowly avoiding one of the men

Kilbride, Meath

Several homes are raided in the area including those of John Ballesty, James Hanley, and Thomas Daly. During another raid of the home of P.J Bartley, the clerk of Oldcastle Union, several copies of republican songs are taken away

Thurles

The @NenaghGuardian notes that for the first time ever, there are no criminal cases to be brought before the County Court Judge in the town. Criminal activity seems to have ceased and the town is peaceable...

24th January 1919

Caherciveen

As labour unrest grows around the country, the Post Office authorities draft in several men to complete the work of laying a cable to Valentia Island which had begun by local men on strike for better wages

Mullagh, Cavan

Four men and their horses, that were surfacing roads in the area, go on strike in protest at Cavan County Council not paying them for the past five weeks. The Meath Chronicle poses the question why would Cavan not pay their men and Meath would..?

Templederry

Pat Cash, who had spent month in Limerick Prison for putting up a Sinn Féin poster, returned home to a remarkable reception. He was led into the village with a torchlit procession of hundreds of young men amid flaming tar-barrels and the local band

Dublin

A libel case between Laurence O’Neill, Lord Mayor, and Irish Times begins. O’Neill objects to the Times, in an article on 26/6/18 in which it is claimed he was trying to smuggle the Mansion House Anti-Conscription petition to Woodrow Wilson

Lincoln Prison

Frank Kelly delivers a cake to the prison. Within, are two keys, made in a Manchester locksmith under orders of Harry Boland, who had brought the cake from the home of Liam McMahon, whose housekeeper baked it. The keys, however, did not work

25th January 1919

Dublin

The libel case that Laurence O’Neill, Lord Mayor, takes against the Irish Times ends. Jury are unable to reach a verdict after several attempts by the Judge to offer legal guidance. The foreman eventually stated it was hopeless, and they were discharged

Belfast

Belfast dock workers cease work at noon. The street lights are not lit as the city is plunged into darkness owing to workers in electricity and gas works downing tools too. It will not be clear how significant the strike will be until Monday

Clones

Patrick McGoldrick and Patrick O’Halloran are sentenced to a month’s imprisonment for their participation in an unlawful assembly in the town. McGoldrick was charged with using seditious language such as ‘Up Dublin’ and ‘Up the Rebels

Newry

A play, ‘For the Cause, Story of ‘98’, is banned from continuing in the Town Hall. It is replaced by the non-political ‘My Irish Home’

Rathfarnham

Margaret Pearse is present as RIC Officers search St. Enda’s School. Little material of use to them is found.

Tipperary Town

As part of the designation as a special military area, military roadblocks block farmers entering Tipp Town for the market.

England

Wartime divisions of football in England continues. Despite losing their first game of the season to Man. City, Everton lead the Lancashire section. Nott. Forest lead the midland section. Brentford beat Cry. Palace 6-1 to secure their lead in London.

26th January 1919

Macroom

At 8pm a party of 5 soldiers were attacked by a group of unknown men in an attempt to seize their arms. It is the first time that such an incident has occurred in the twelve months that soldiers had taken up a base in the town

Tipperary

At Sunday masses, priests and bishops condemn the ambush in Soloheadbeg and the needless taking of life. Archbishop Harty, speaking in Thurles Cathedral, said that 'we all look on the horror of the deed and the outrage against Christian morals'

Belfast

Street lights remain out, and tramlines grind to a halt as the labour chaos grows in the city. Electricity is only being supplied on an emergency basis to some hospitals

Fleet Street, London

The Daily Mail publishes an article outlining how a number of well-known Dublin citizens had occupied an island in Dublin Bay and solemnly declared it to be a Republic and prepared a message to the Free Nations of the World

Kilkenny

A 'competitive smoking concert' is held in the CYMS Hall. Smoking concerts were popular events in 1800s, they were evenings of music before a male-only audience. The term smoking came from fact that men indulged in smoking liberally w/out women present

Maryborough

The Leix and Ossory Sinn Féin Executive meet. Representatives from all over the constituency come together to discuss plans for 1919. The attendees are as follows;

Mr. P. J. O'Neill, Vice-President, Leix Executive...

T. Delaney and E. P. McEvoy (Abbeyleix)

J. Muldowney and D. Sheil (Ballinakill), P. Flynn (Ballybrittas), R. Hipwell (Courtwood), T. McHugh, and Mr. Broderick (Ballyadams), J Fleming and Mr. Hurley (Ballylinan), Mr. Bolton, and Mr. McEvoy (Graiguecullen)...

M J Phelan and J. Delaney (Rathdowney), E. J. Poole, (Rosenallls), Arthur Costello, and M. Tynan (Portarlington)

J. Campion and Mr. Hyland (Cullobhlll), E. P. Tarrant, and M Moore (Castletwon), P. O’Flanagan and Mr. Farrell (Durrow), M. Fogarty and Mr. Delaney (Errill), M. D. Egan (Kyle), S. Lynch and W. Kavanagh (Mountmellick), Mr. Morris and Mr. Rourke (Mountrath)...

J. Ramsbottom (Timahoe), M. O'Connell (Vicarstown), T Dunne end J. Fleming (Wolfhill), T. Hyland (Borris-in-Ossory), Mr. Tynan and Mr. Delaney (Camross), P. Brennan and Mr. Davis (Clonaslee), W.J. O'Connor (Ballacolla), and

Mr. Wrafter (Clough)...

P. Connor and Mr. Gorman (Killenard), T. Carpenter and Mr. Byrne (Kllcruise), J.Ramsbottom and P. J. Brophy (Knock), W. Ramsbottom (Heath), J. J. Delaney and P Case (Maryborough), Mr. Scully and Mr. Malone (Emo),

M. T. O'Connor and Mr. Fingleton (Stradbally)..

Croke Park

@LimerickCLG defeat @OfficialWexGAA 9-5 to 1-3 to win the 1918 All-Ireland Hurling Final, their 2nd title and 1st in 22 years.

27th January 1919

Belfast

On the first working day since the beginning of the strike, the full impact of withdrawal of labour is felt. Gravediggers from City Council join the growing list of workmen striking in sympathy with their colleagues in the docks

Derry

Two hand grenades are thrown into Derry gaol. One of them did not go off. The one that did caused significant damage to the women's section of the prison, but nobody was injured

Wolfhill

Sean McDermott Sinn Féin club join a growing list of clubs to ban hunting in their area until the release of political prisoners in England is secured

Durham

Eamonn Bulfin and Frank Bulfin, two sons of Señor Eamonn Bulfin, the Birr-born writer based in Argentina, are released from Durham prison. Eamonn Bulfin was the man that raised the green 'Irish Republic' flag over the GPO during the Rising

Tipperary

A group of school children find a 1lb stick of gelignite near Allen Creamery. It was discarded by the Volunteers that carried out the ambush the previous Monday in Soloheadeg. RIC subsequently found other explosives in the area discarded too

Cappawhite, Tipperary

Military officers search homes in the Cappawhite area, as well as in Creenane. A dance that was taking place in the hall in Cappawhite was broken up by police and the military took occupation of the building

28th January 1919

Belfast

Crisis continues to deepen as strike continues. A large fire at the lower end of Donegall Street damages several buildings and warehouses exacerbating the menacing outlook the city finds itself in

Bray

A man is arrested and charged with the attempted murder of an RIC Officer the previous June in Tralee. The arrested man is John Cronin who also went by the aliases Richard Macrear and Joseph Hegarty.

Sandycove

John Doyle, Summerhill Avenue, Sandycove, is arrested and charged in connection with the incident involving a group of Volunteers attacking two RIC Officers on Three Rock Mountain

Dublin

Famous cartoonist, Jack Morrow, is brought before court charged in possession of government files with intent to distribute. As proceedings opened Morrow asked was the court recognised by Dáil Éireann. When told it wasn’t he refused to register a plea.

Soloheadbeg

The Evening Herald publishes an article outlining the significance Soloheadbeg has played in Irish history before. It was there, in 968, that Brian Boru’s Dalcassians defeated the Danes which led Boru’s occupation of Limerick.

Emly

The military block the fair in Emly. As farmers entered the area they were all searched before being turned back

Kilkenny

Frank Lloyd’s adaptation of Dickens’ ‘A Tale of Two Cities’ gets top billing in Kilkenny Cinema

Lincoln

De Valera prepares for another attempt, their third, to break out of Lincoln Prison. However, the keys that are sent into the prison, in a cake delivered by Harry Boland, do not work again. De Valera’s frustration grows

29th January 1919

Tipperary

Appeals are made to Brigadier-General Prescott Decie, the officer in command of troops in South Tipperary, to ease restrictions in the proclaimed area. Clonmel and Kilsheelan Coursing Club appeal for their Tipperary Cup to be held as normal

Great Britain and Ireland

172,000 people are on strike across the country. Alongside the 60k in Belfast, there are strikes growing in London, Glasgow, Leith, and Manchester.

Clonliffe Road, Dublin

RIC Officers enter a hall on the Clonliffe Road in Dublin where they find 40 men. 12 of them are arrested and charged with illegal Volunteer drilling. They are brought to the Bridewell but refuse to give their details in English or Irish

Belfast

As the city remains in overnight darkness, there is a night of looting with police charging at mobs of young men in various parts of the city centre. The only illuminated buildings, post offices, attracted violence as many windows are broken

Bombay, India

Labour unrest is prevalent elsewhere in the Empire too. 150,000 people are on strike in Bombay. News reaches Ireland of riots a few days ago where two strikers were killed by the bayonettes of troops keeping the peace

Monaghan Town

100 attendants and staff of Monaghan Asylum seize the building as part of strike action. They are led by Peadar O’Donnell, ITGWU Organiser from Donegal. A red flag is hoisted over the building as 180 officers come to assess the situation

Barcelona

Catalan leaders, who continue their pursuit of independence, make American President Wilson, an honorary citizen. He Secretary of State replies, thanking them for their ‘compliment’. Meanwhile, his freedom of Dublin City is greeted with formal silence

Macroom

The town of Macroom is proclaimed following attack on officials a few days ago. A public ITGWU meeting is broken up by RIC. Organiser, Pat Coates shouts ‘long live James Connolly’ as he leads the group to local hall where meeting continued

30th January 1919

Belfast

Builders and labourers join the striking workers in Belfast bringing the total number of people withdrawing labour to 70,000. People begin to question Edward Carson’s silence on such a critical matter

Belfast

The world’s biggest rope factory, in Belfast, closes when a section of key workers bring to a halt the production line. 4,000 people are left without work as a result.

Paris

Europe’s first regular commercial airline service gets a setback as officials in Paris block initial plans for service from London. It is deemed necessary to draw up set of internationally recognised rules for air travel before any service should commence

Paris

Discussions at peace conference hit stumbling block over what to do with some of the captured German colonies such as German Kamerun (Cameroon) and German Samoa. Japanese officials are especially annoyed at prospect of losing newly gained territories

Dublin

The Evening Herald publishes details of Private Thomas Bennett, Royal Irish Regiment, died on his way home from the War, three days after the signing of the Armistice. He was originally from Templeogue.

Tipperary

Patrick Flynn, Chief witness to the Soloheadbeg Ambush, is released from hospital after being admitted for a few days the day after collapsing at the inquest into the deaths of the two RIC Officers

Monaghan

The Monaghan Asylum Soviet continues. A dance is held in the Asylum dining area for all inmates organised by the striking workers. It is said that the inmates of the asylum are delighted with the turn of events and excitement caused

Tullamore

P.J Egan is re-elected the Chairman of Tullamore Urban District Council

31st January 1919

London

The Daily Express newspaper reports that there are being moves made once more to introduce a Home Rule Bill in Ireland to quell growing unrest, and to curb support for Sinn Féin

Ireland

There is now labour unrest in Belfast, Derry, Lurgan, Donegal, Limerick, Dublin, Dundalk, Monaghan and Maryborough

Glasgow

Approximately 25,000 striking workers make their way to George Square. At 12.10pm they are charged by police and chaos breaks out. The leaders of the strike, David Kirkwood and Willie Gallacher, are arrested #blackfriday #battleofgeorgesquare

Aghada Aerodrome, US Navy Base, Cork

At the American naval base in Aghada, 2 RIC Constables are arrested by American servicemen. They are detained in Cork Prison. They were found in the military stores after hours. They are reportedly based in neary Whitegate

Yarmouth

The Nimrod, the ship that Ernest Shackleton led his Antarctic expeditions on, sinks off the coast of Yarmouth. 10 of the 12 crew drown. Nimrod had rested in Thames as a museum ship from 1909 to 1911, but was sold and refitted for commercial use again

Killaloe

A soldier, back home from leave, causes a significant disturbance when he smashes the windows of several homes and businesses late at night. The @NenaghGuardian notes ‘he was labouring under the influence of drink’

1st February 1919

Rome

A day after plans for a commercial airline to begin operating from Paris to London were scuppered, the Italian Caproni Aero-Bus service begins their service from Rome to Naples

Dundalk

The strike of men employed on Dundalk quays for the past five weeks has come to a settlement. Employers agree to a modest increase in workers’ wages which was immediately accepted by strikers that were struggling without payment since before Christmas

Belfast

George Cumin, the Chairman of Harland and Wolff, dies. It is a blow to striking workers as he was said to have been a sympathetic voice among the Directors of the company

Glasgow

After yesterday's tumult, peace returns to the streets of Glasgow. Hundreds of military guard key points in the city. It is stated that they are fully armed with fixed bayonets in anticipation of more trouble.

Kingstown

Brennan Whitmore and Con Donovan arrive into Kingstown by boat following their release from Usk Prison. They were released due to ill health and were said to have alighted the boat in blankets and were ushered away for urgent rest and recuperation

Drumcondra

The 12 men that were arrested a few days ago in a hall on the Clonliffe Road are sentenced to 6 months imprisonment. Evidence is given of RIC Officers hearing commands from within the hall like “Forward’, “About Turn’, and “Stand at Ease’. The imprisoned men, none of whom recognised the court, are Patrick O’Daly, John Forde, Joseph Leonard, Patrick Fogarty, Patrick Farrelly, Stephen O’Connor, Henry Morgan, Patrick McCullen, Edward Lehane, Dermot O’Shea, John Irvine, William Finucane

2nd February 1919

Dublin

As opposition to Sinn Féin's boycott against hunting grows, a letter to the Irish Times poses the question how do the really think they're action would make any difference to the plight of their prisoners in English prisons?

Ireland

Parish priests announce that on the following Sunday there would be an announcement regarding the monies collected as part of the Anti-Conscription fund. The fund, which is it suspected collected a great deal of money, is seemingly now without purpose

Dublin

Patrick Cullen, one of the men imprisoned as part of the raid on hall on the Clonliffe Road, is further remanded for breaking a window in the Bridewell, where he was kept before trial. Cullen said his hand slipped. The judge waived a sentence

Curragh

Soldiers in the Curragh Camp voice their growing frustration at lack of demobilisation which, they say, is moving far too slowly, given fact that was is over nearly three months

Sackville Street

A protest is held at the Parnell Monument against occupation of St. Enda's School by military. Speeches made by Countess Plunkett, and Michael Staines. It is suggested that they purchase the school outright for £10,000 and gift it to Mrs. Pearse

Monaghan

The Monaghan Asylum Soviet continues. All inmates are brought to mass and life goes on as conditions remain satisfactory. Attendants in Clonmel Asylum call for a reduction in their working week and threaten similar action in a few days time

Tipperary

3 men, arrested in connection with Soloheadbeg investigation are released. They are Michael &his son, Matthew Ryan, Donour, Greenane, &; Matthew Riordan, a workman for the Ryans. It comes after discovery of more discarded explosives on the Ryan's land

Carlow

Nora Connolly, daughter of James, addresses town hall ITGWU meeting. She says that women now realised their importance in machinery of the world and have finally put a value upon themselves.

Trim

South Meath Sinn Féin Comhairle Ceanntair pass resolution demanding a cessation of hunting in the area until all political prisoners in English jails are released. They say that, if needs be, they will take strong steps to enforce their decision

Oldcastle

Joseph Cullen, Loughbawn, a prominent local farmer, was travelling from mass with his wife in his pony and trap when, from behind a hedge, he was shot at. No motive is theorised upon, although it may be related to a local land dispute

Donaskeigh Cross, Tipperary

There are plans to hold a public meeting to form a branch of the ITGWU after mass. However, two motors, full of military personnel arrive in trench helmets, and take up positions. The crowd disperse, no attempt made to hold a meeting

Dublin

After the St. Enda's protest at the Parnell monument, a group of people follow 2 detectives through streets shouting abuse. The crowd chanted 'Up Tipperary' until they sought refuge in the Gresham Hotel. The eventually dispersed, singing 'Soldier's Song'

3rd February 1919

Belfast

As the Belfast Strike continues, striking workers march through the streets in defiance of the police

6.30pm, Lincoln Prison

Eamon de Valera, Sean Milroy, and Sean McGarry have a meal of fried eggs, bacon, and fried bread, cooked by Paul Dawson Cusack, Sinn Féin prisoner from Granard, Longford

7pm, Lincoln Prison

Frank Kelly gives Michael Collins and Harry Boland a rope ladder outside Lincoln Prison, which was to be used in event that the doors could not be unlocked. Kelly then takes up watch on Wragby Road, as Collins and Boland cut through a fence

7.40pm, Lincoln Prison

At the agreed time, Boland flashed a torch at de Valera's window. To Boland &; de Valera's horror, the torch would not extinguish, forcing Boland to hide it. de Valera responded to the signal by lighting a few matches. The escape was on...

7.50pm, Lincoln Prison

As Boland and Collins awaited the prisoners to make their way to the door of the exercise yard, one of them, in their haste, tried to unlock the door with a key that Boland had made in Manchester. The key, however, broke in the lock...

7.55pm, Lincoln Prison

The 3 prisoners reach the door. Boland tells them there was a broken key in the lock, news that was greeted with dismay. De Valera inserts key de Loughry had made into lock from his side. It pushes out the broken key and the door opens

8pm, Lincoln

As 3 soldiers, accompanied by 3 women, approach the escapees, Boland gives deValera a fur coat and tells him to link him. As they pass, Boland, pretending to be drunk, jokes with the soldiers. They pass by and the escapees get in a taxi and flee

10.40pm, Lincoln Prison

After much delaying tactics by remaining Sinn Féin prisoners, which included drawing out card games and inviting warders into cells to share a drink, the alarm is raised of an escape. But by that stage, they had a three hour head-start

Ireland

As the number of influenza cases grow, there are fears that another epidemic could spread. People, should they experience symptoms, are advised avoid crowds &; 'remain cheerful' A London physician recommends alcohol as great medicine for those suffering

Tipperary

For the first time in Ireland, the authorities use a plane in their search for evidence in the Soloheadbeg ambush investigation. A plan flew low over the lands around the area as they continue to search for those responsible

Mountainstown Estate, Meath

An attempt is made to hold a hunt, but several members of the local Sinn Féin club, along with many others from Navan succeeded in stopping proceedings

4th February 1919

England

Amidst the breaking news of the escape of de Valera, McGarry, and Milroy from Lincoln Prison, speculation grows that there will be releases of prisoners from English prisons. There are 60 Sinn Féiners still interred. They are...

Durham Prison - Darrell Figgis, M. Fleming, P. Sugrue, M. Spillane, M. Trayers, D. McCarthy

Birmingham Prison - Dr. McNabb, Dr. B Cusack, Messrs D. Doherty, S. Jordan, B. Fallon, G. Nicholls, B. Higgins, J O'Hownhane

Reading Prison - W.T Cosgrave, W.T Cole, R Davys, F. Fahy, J. Hurley, Dr. R Hayes

Gloucester Prison (cont.) - Joseph McBride,J. J. O'Connell, J. N. Dolan, P.J McCann, T Hunter, P.J. Cahill, S. Morkan, L. Ginnell, R. Brennan

Holloway Women's Prison - Kathleen Clarke, Countess Constance Markievicz

Gloucester Prison - Gloucester - Messrs. J. J. Clancy, P.J. Berrill, E. Moore. Tadhg Barry, P. Hughes, J. Minahan, F. Lawless, J.R . O'Reilly, P. Haskins, W. Loughran, P. O'Keefe, F. Drohan, Dr. T. Dillon, J. McGuinness,S. MacEntee , D. Fitzgerald,Arthur Griffith ...

Lincoln Prison - Sean O'Mahony, Peter De Loughry, P. Monohan,J. Corcoran, P.F.Burke, M. Lennon, Sean Dobbyn, P. D. Cusack. M. P. Collivet, S. O'Flaherty, S. Cotter, V. Galligan

4th February 1919

Ballyvaughan, Clare

7 armed and masked men enter Gregan's Castle, the residence of F. Martyn, and take 2 double-barrel shotguns, 2 revolvers, ammo, a pair of binoculars, and a sum of money

Cashel

Timothy O'Dwyer, Clonkelly, Dundrum, and Patrick McCormack, Cappamurragh, are arrested on charges of possession of seditious literature. O'Dwyer has not long complete a one month's sentence for giving his name in Irish to a policeman

Ravensdale House

The home of the Earl of Arran is raised by masked men in search of arms. Two old rifles, two old shotguns, a couple of swords, and a bayonet are taken from the stately home between Dundalk and Newry

Iniscarra, Cork

In accordance with edict from local Sinn Féin club, angling is prohibited, in same manner as hunting, until the Sinn Féin prisoners are released from prison. 50 young men armed with sticks patrol the Lee scaring away fishermen

Dublin

News reaches the evening press of De Valera'a escape from Lincoln Prison, with McGarry and Milroy. Rumours are rampant, but speculation wisely surmises that some sort of master key must have been employed, and that it may have been thrown in over the wall

5th February 1919

London

Amidst a strike of London Tube workers and electricity suppliers, an act is passed under DORA, making it illegal for anyone employed in supply of electricity to break their contract under penalty of 6 months imprisonment

Dublin

Speculation mounts on whereabouts of de Valera. Rumours vary from Paris, and an imminent appearance at the Peace Conference. Other rumours suggest he is about to burst into the House of Commons and take his 2 seats, disrupting the election of the Speaker

Paris

Emir Faisal, leader of the Arabs in War, speaks at the Peace Conference requesting a single Arab confederacy in the lands previously held by the Ottomans. Faisal was close ally and friend of T.E Lawrence

USA

A fight is announced between the reigning champion, Jess Willard, and Jack Dempsey for the Heavyweight Championship of the World

Paris

Discussions in the Peace Conference move towards the fate of Palestine. It is understood that there will be agreement that the area will be granted to the Jewish people and will come under the stewardship of the British as per the Balfour Declaration

New York

At a meeting of teachers at Irish Carmelite Schools in New York, prizes are given out to winners of a Gaelic League competition. Liam Mellows won lilting contest

Glasgow

Tensions in Glasgow subside as people begin to return to work. The military maintain a heavy presence though, with the arrival of six tanks into the city.

6th February 1919

Dublin

1918 Election expenses for Irish candidates are released. Some notable sums include that of Constance Markievicz (£355) and the defeated Alfie Byrne (£426). The highest released figure is £801 for Robert McCalmot, elected Unionist MP for East Antrim.

Bow Street Court, London

Joseph McGrath, a railway clerk in Kentish Town, and William Burrow, a manager in a Birmingham arms manufacturer, are sentenced to six months imprisonment for possession of arms and ammo intended for use in Ireland

Nobber

8 men are arrested by RIC Officers. They are charged with intention to illegally plough lands in Spiddal amidst an ongoing land dispute. They are John Cahill, Pat Eogan, William Halpin, Hugh Ward, Pat McMahon, Peter Halfpenny, Michael Boyle, Hugh McMahon

7th February 1919

Washington

The House of Representatives pass a resolution approving a report of the Foreign Relations Committee, in which the hope is expressed that Congress will ask the Peace Conference to consider favourably Ireland’s claims to self-determination

Dungarvan

The Tipperary hurling team train in Dungarvan, owing to the military imposition in their own county. They are accommodated in a playing field occupied by Daniel Fraher.

Killarney

A postcard arrives from South Africa, via aerial mail, a newsworthy event at the time.

Macroom

Macroom Urban Council are notified that their meetings may proceed, following prohibition of gatherings by the military in the area. The ban was roundly opposed in the community. Posters, informing bans of fairs, are taken down too.

Cork

The Cork Examiner publishes a photo of the most expensive fur coat ever made. At $75,000 (around $1 million in today’s money) the coat made from Siberian pelts, was made for Mabelle Corey, the 2nd wife of steel magnate, William Corey.

Ireland

Members of the RIC are told that they are not permitted to join the National Union of Police and Prison Officers. They are informed that as they are a semi-military force, they come under the auspices of the army, more so than the police

London

As rail services slowly start to resume, aggrieved soldiers began a protest in the West End. Tensions rose as some windows were smashed at Victoria Train Station

Belfast

Hopes for an end to the strike grow as workers and employers meet for six hours of talks. The talks were chaired by Lord Pirrie, a senior figure in Harland and Wolff

Tipperary

James Browne, Killshenane, is sentenced to a year’s imprisonment for possession of a revolver with ammo without a licence.

North Tipperary

A @NenaghGuardian journalist notes the apparent loneliness of life in the countryside, lamenting apparent idle gossiping among young men of the area

8th February 1919

London

Following on from yesterday's disturbances involving disgruntled soldiers, a group of up to 500 soldiers in uniform, many of whom were armed marched to the War Office demanding clarification on their status. They argued that they were being left in limbo

Dublin

A fresh perspective on the 1914 'Curragh Mutiny' is offered by Hubert Gough, retired General in charge at the time. He states he was offered chance to either resign or send troops to Ulster, and that he wanted to take the former option.

9th February 1919

Belfast

Former boarder in Portarlington school, and 'hurler' with TCD Hurley (not hurling) team, Edward Henry Carson turns sixty-five

Tuam

A large horse racing meeting is cancelled in Tuam. The meet was to be a Red Cross 'Our Day' charitable event. It is reported that cancellation is due to threats made by local Sinn Féin clubs in accordance with policy of stopping sporting events

Dublin

More election expenses released. The latest details include those of Eamon de Valera (£263), and Harry Boland (£356). Similar to last release a few days ago, the highest claim comes from a Unionist MP, William Allen (below, £763)

Thurles

John Brett, Drombane, is sentenced to two months imprisonment for drilling the previous March. Bail is denied after Brett refused to recognise the Court

Kilkee

James Behan, Cahirfeenick, goes against standard Volunteer policy and recognises the Court that tries him for leading drilling. For this, and for promising not to do it again, he is granted bail and walks free

Sligo

Joseph Berreen, Mullinabreena, gets 1 month for illegal assembly. He led group of Volunteers at funeral of the leader of the Gurteen Volunteers, Owen Tansey, in which they fired a rifle volley over his grave. Berreen blocked RIC from entering the graveyard

Paris

Sean T. O'Kelly arrives in Paris in an effort to engage with the Peace Conference on Dáil Éireann's behalf. In doing so, his delegation becomes the first Irish diplomatic mission

Dublin

As tensions among armed forces grow as to their status, and concerns over plans for demobilisation, full page ads are taken out in daily newspapers urging patience, and outlining who will be demobilised, and the rates of pay for those willing to stay on

Tipperary

There is a noticeable ramping up of military activity in south Tipperary as the perimeter for searches relating to the Soloheadbeg ambush widen out from Tipperary town

Kilcruise, Laois

The local Thomas Ashe Sinn Féin Club denounces the continuing practice of fox hunting in Queen's County whilst Sinn Féin prisoners are still in English prisons

Maryborough

Lar Brady is re-elected as the President of Maryborough Sinn Féin Club

Ballinahinch, Tipperary

Sean Treacy and Seamus Robinson continue to be on the run from the RIC, as they stay with James Hewitt in his home in Ballinahinch. They stay for one week before moving on towards near Castleconnell

10th January 1919

Tokyo

Members of the Japanese Diet question the government as to the apparent policy of military retrenchment in the face of growing American influence. Reassurances are made that Japanese military might will grow to meet that of the USA

Berlin

Further Sparticist unrest in the German capital as 8 protesters are shot dead in the Alexanderplatz region of the city

Dublin

Controversy as details emerge of a large budgetary overrun on a publicly funded building project.....

£25,000 of extra funds will be needed for the construction of social housing in several sites in the city

Macroom

The apparent easing of restrictions a few days ago in the Macroom area are reversed as the proclaimed perimeter is extended from three miles from Macroom Town Hall, to six miles. Fairs in Dooniskey and Kilnamartyrs are prohibited

Mansion House, Dublin

Pictures are published of the All Ireland Trade Union Congress meeting. A universal demand for a 44 hour week is made, and for a 150% increase in wages compared to pre-war rates.

Dublin

The chronic problems of structure of RIC are outlined in a letter to the Irish Independent. The amount of RIC constables around the time of the famine was 9,500. Despite the population being millions smaller, there was almost the same amount of officers

11th February 1919

London

King George V delivers his speech to open parliament. He says that the position in Ireland caused him great anxiety, and he hoped that conditions improve so that a suitable settlement to the current difficult situation presents itself

Belfast

For the first time in 16 days, the trams begin to run in the city. The unexpected turn of events is greeted with cheers as the tram drive jovially smiles and receives his applause as he sets off from Royal Avenue

Ireland

Influenza has returned to the island, and there is grave concern over its potential spread. There are multiple outbreaks in Dublin, but the worst affected areas for the time being are in Newry and Enniscorthy

Greystones

In an interview with the Evening Standard, Sinéad de Valera said she only knew as much as papers on her husband's whereabouts. Speaking of her new home, she says that Greystones is almost entirely Unionist and they are strangers without friends there

Berlin

Friedrich Erber is elected the first president of Germany. By trade he was a saddler, and is a Socialist. He will earn £50,000 per annum for role, more than the Presidents of the United States and France combined (they earn £25k and £24k respectively)

12th February 1919

England

The flu threat increases in England, in the past week the following died; Liverpool - 55, Wigan - 29, Manchester - 28, Huddersfield - 25, Bradford - 37, London - 169

Cork

One theory proposed on renewed spread of the flu is offered by Dr. Donovan of the Public Health Committee. He thinks that clothes worn by soldiers in France are being sold unwashed and are spreading the disease. He urges for all such clothes to be burned

Belfast

After yesterday’s optimism, and the resumption of the trams, pessimism returns. The trams ceaseto operate again as all operations reliant upon electricity are forced to re-close

London

The out-of-work donation scheme has been in operation since November. The first utterances of grave misappropriation is brought up in the House of Commons. Sir John Butcher claims that is leading to idleness in Ireland

Curragh

Patrick Gavin, 45, is shot dead by a sentry near Tully Springs in the Curragh. Gavin was tending to animals when a 17 year old soldier, Private Jay, approached and asked him who he was. When little reply was given the inexperienced soldier shot him

Maryborough

A meeting is held in Courthouse to set up 'Comrades of the Great War' branch, Attendance was good, there were about 50/60 ex-soldiers there. However, it is noted that owing to apprehension as to the branch's purpose, public attendance was small

Dublin

Joseph McDonagh is granted a week's parole from Reading Gaol to visit his ill nephew, the six year old son of 1916 leader, Tomas McDonagh. He says that his fellow inmates are in good spirits despite health issues brought on by prison diet

Holloway, London

Kathleen Clarke, wife of executed 1916 leader, Tom Clarke, is released from Holloway Prison. She makes her way to the West-End of London to rest before making plans to return to Dublin.

Dublin

It is reported that Margaret Pearse is gravely ill. The military, despite recent protests, still occupy St. Enda’s in Rathfarnham

13th February 1919

Paris

As talks continue, there are rumours that the Germans will be forced to give up their Merchant Navy. Also, President Wilson states that failure on Germans’ part to adhere to armistice will result in renewal of war

Dublin

Thomas Fleming, Shillelagh, is courtmartialled. He is charged with having a pamphlet at time of election with image of a 1916 executed leader saying “are you going to send Irishmen to an English parliament ... that did this’. Verdict to be released later

Clonmel

The prestigious Tipperary Coursing Cup, organised by Clonmel &; Kilsheelan Coursing Club, reaches its semi final stage. One of this year’s favourites is this dog, owned by a Mr. W O’Sullivan from Kerry. His name is Commandant Pearse

London

As questions continue to arise over the handling of the out-of-work donation payment in Ireland, it is stated that so far, £550,000 has been given out to 82,500 Irish people

Enniscorthy

The flu continues to wreak havoc town. One man, Michael Dempsey, Kilcotty, has buried 4 children, 2 on the same day. Principal of Monageer N.S, Mrs. Sinnot also died. Several people that attended recent dance in Davidstown sick, 2 already dead

London

Kathleen Clarke continues to rest in flat of Eva Gore Booth. Clarke’s sister, Mrs. Daly, will travel from Limerick to meet her. Eva’s sister, Constance Markievicz, is the only SF woman imprisoned now, but remains in good spirits

Wicklow

Women are forced to queue throughout the night in order to secure their out-of-work donation payment in a building, formerly a shop, next to the 'Doctor's Steps' in the town. The queue stretched down the quays but the weather was relatively pleasant

Tipperary Town

Military continue to exercise tight control in Tipperary town. The pose for a photoin front of Fitzpatrick's in the townwhich is submitted to the national press

14th February 1919

London

Kathleen Clarke talks on her time in Holloway. She said that the Doctor, said to her that she had “Irish tongue and Irish wit’, but turning to Markievicz he said “you have neither’. She replied “that’s the drop of Sassanach in me!’

Belfast

A ballot of striking works to decide upon an offer made by employers is taken. 8,777 accept, but 11,963 reject the proposals.

Limerick

A strike in the Limerick City Asylum continues. Male and Female attendants, as well as tradesmen are striking over a number of matters, mainly pay and working hours

Clonmel

Rumours that swirled around the town that Micheal Ryan, County Councillor, Chairman of Clonmel No. 2 RDC, had been arrested proved false. Ryan is, in fact, on the run from the RIC

Paris

President Wilson presents the proposed consitution of a League of Nations; 'The miasma of distrust ... is cleared away, We are brothers and have a common purpose. We did not realise it before.This is our covenant of fraternity and friendship'.

15th February 1919

Belfast

The Lord Mayor, John Campbell White, issues a proclamation outlining how he had secured military protection for those people willing to work in municipal facilities. He urged upon anyone willing to work to make their presence known to authorities

Dublin

As de Valera is still at large, the Evening Herald summarises the different places he is rumoured to have been seen; Grimsby, Newcastle, Gravesend, London, Glasgow, Paris, Dublin, Skibereen, Queenstown. A very well travelled fugitive indeed!

16th February 1919

Cork

Quaker Oats places an ad in the Cork Examiner extolling the virtues of purchasing food with due consideration to their calorific content. They suggest that not to do so, would be like burning money.

Croke Park

Wexford defeat Tipperary by a single point to win the 1918 football championship, their fourth All-Ireland football title in a row

Newcastle West

The military have taken over the local Carnegie Library. When challenged over the sudden occupation, those in charge stated that they had obtained permission from the County Council. However, no such permission was sought or granted.

London

It is revealed from the Treasury that Ireland has contributed £26,865,000 to the UK economy in 1918.

Tullamore

When the police discover that a Gaelic League meeting, due to be held in the Forester’s Hall, is to be addressed by Fr. Michael O’Flanagan, they demand assurances that no seditious language be used during his speech.

Mountrath

Tom Farren, ITGWU Organiser, addresses a meeting in Mountrath of 150 men with a view towards establishing a branch. A similar meeting in Borris-in-Ossory has 100 attendees. In nearby Castletown, Farren addresses another large meeting of 110

Wicklow

A Parish Priest in Wicklow town, in his Sunday sermon, speaks out against the women of the town queuing all night for their unemployment benefit. He does not see purpose in them beginning their vigil at 9.30pm on a Thursday, to receive payment at 9.30am

17th February 1919

Greenane, Tipperary

Two boys, Jack and Tom Connors are arrested as part of the Soloheadbeg Ambush investigations. They are subsequently released without charge. Authorities also search a graveyard in the district for the stolen gelignite

Dublin

Kathleen Clarke returns to Dublin. She arrived into Kingstown on the morning mail boat. The crossing was rough and little fuss was made as she entered a taxi waving to well-wishers that had gathered to welcome her back

Dublin

Gerard Norman Reddin, of Reddin &; Reddin Solicitors, takes possession of St. Enda's School, Rathfarnham, on behalf of Margaret Pearse. The school had been in the military's hands for several weeks

18th February 1919

Belfast

It is reported that the strike in Belfast may be coming to an end. This morning, several thousand men returned to their posts in various engineering works, and the Rope Factory re-opened too

19th February 1919

Liffey St., Dublin

The Gaelic Press offices are raided for the fourth time since the start of the year by police. Nothing is seized, but owing to the past raids, and forcible dismantling of the printing presses, the Press is forced to close

Dublin

The Court Martial of James Greene, Bernard Harte, John Doyle, and Michael Hegarty. They are charged in connection with the incident on 3 Rock Mountain, when 2 policemen were bound and relieved of their arms

Kildare St., Dublin

Maple’s Hotel burns down. At the turn of the Century, under the stewardship of Frederick Maple, the hotel was one of Dublin’s finest. But since his death, in 1906, its fortunes became mixed.

19th February 1919

Paris

The French Prime Minister, Georges Clemenceau , is shot. His condition is described as “dangerous’ as he suffers gunshot wounds to the back and shoulder. Despite this he walks home from scene of shooting where he was treated. Emile Cottin, a 22 year old anarchist, is tackled by police and bystanders and is eventually arrested. His mugshotshows his swollen face, a result of his rough handling by onlookers and police alike

Dublin

Charles Cameron, the Ireland’s chief physician, gives advise as the flu continues to get worse. He urges people who feel ill to isolate themselves, and for persons that must enter room of a sick person, to wear a garment that does not leave the room

Glasnevin Cemetery

21 people are buried in Glasnevin, most of whom have succumbed to the flu. During the same period in 1918, only 13 people a day were being buried. A similar spike is also being reported in Mount Jerome on the south side of the city

Kilkenny

Mid-week “gaiety’, if not “frivolity’ in Kilkenny as hundreds of people go against medical warning and attend two dances in “the gay city’. One of the dances was hosted by Richard Smithwick in Birchfield House.

The Wicklow YMCA, on the other hand, decide to postpone their dance to St. Patrick’s Day owing to the prevalence of the flu in the town

Bray

One of the most prominent victims of the current outbreak of flu is the Town Clerk of Bray, Denis Mullally. The 41 year old is laid to rest in the town today. He had been Clerk since 1914, and had recently lost his wife tragically

Dublin

After 2 failed trials, the trial venue of John, Patrick, and William O’Brien is moved to Derry. They are charged with the murder of George Sheehan, Silvermines, in a raid for arms in Jan '18. The court are told SF were having influence on jurors in Cork

South Tipperary

Brigadier General Prescott Decker announces Martial Law in all of South Tipperary outside of Clonmel and Carrick-on-Suir. All public assemblies, markets and fairs are banned

Tipperary

There are multiple arrests, including relatives of Sean Hogan and Dan Breen, who are still missing. John Connors, 1 of the boys arrested a few days ago, is lifted in secret and conveyed to Dublin by train. His mother is very anxious for his well being

Late-February 1919

Seumas Robinson, 1 of the leaders of the Volunteers that instigated the Soloheadbeg ambush grows angry at Crown Forces’ treatment of people of South Tipp. He drafts a proclamation threatening death to any supporter of the forces. GHQ rejects his suggestion.

Tipperary

There are multiple arrests, including relatives of Sean Hogan and Dan Breen, who are still missing

Late-Afternoon, Kilmacanogue

Liam McMahon, leading member of Manchester Republican movement, and prominent figure in the Lincoln Prison escape, stays in a house in Kilmacanogue, near Bray. Whilst there he receives word from Michael Collins to travel to Dublin

Evening, Dublin

Liam McMahon meets with Michael Collins in Vaughan's Hotel. Collins tell him to travel immediately back to England to retrieve de Valera from hiding. An issue has arisen between Arthur Griffith and Cathal Brugha, and de Valera was needed to resolve

Night, Dublin

Liam McMahon boards a boat. He has a letter from Collins to give to de Valera who is required in Dublin immediately. McMahon travels through night en-route to home of Mary Healy, Cumann na mBan, in Victoria Park, Manchester, where de Valera is in hiding

20th February 1919

9am, Victoria Park, Manchester

Liam McMahon, who has travelled all night from Dublin, arrives at home of Mary Healy to speak with de Valera, who is in hiding there. McMahon gives de Valera Collins’ letter. He asks when is he to go. McMahon replies “today’!

Liverpool

De Valera is brought by a taxi by Mary Healy, Kathleen Talty (both Cumann na mBan) and Paddy Donoghue. From there Neal Kerr and Steve Lanigan make arrangements to have him smuggled on to a ship bound for Dublin

Unbeknownst to most in attendance, de Valera is en-route to Dublin on a boat from Liverpool

Mansion House, Dublin

At the first Sinn Féin Ard Comhairle meeting of the year, was convened. Fr. Michael O’Flanagan, Sinn Féin VP presided. A letter from de Valera is read out aloud. It states he escaped prison to do the country’s work, and he is doing it.

Paris

When questioned for attempted assassination of French Prime Minister, Emile Cottin replies “well, there are red-letter days in a man’s life. [Yesterday] was my red-letter day!’. Meanwhile, Clemenceau is said to be recovering well

Nenagh

Frank McGrathis released from prison for two-weeks parole on health grounds. He is accompanied to Nenagh by Art O’Connor

Miltown Malbay

Nine young men are arrested in the dead of night and are conveyed by military to Ennis. They are charged with driving cattle off the land of a man currently in Crumlin Rd. Prison for reading a Sinn Féin manifesto

Dublin

Edward Nicholson is sentenced to six months in prison for illegal drilling in Finglas. Drilling, and general Volunteer activity is so bad in Finglas, it is reported, that the DMP have moved to establish a permanent increased presence there

Dublin

Eamonn de Valera returns in secret to Dublin on a boat from Liverpool. He is quickly taken away into hiding once more and no overt suspicion is raised

Dunshaughlin

The Ward Hounds met, but were met by a crowd of protesters armed with sticks. After being told they could not conduct hunt owing to the SF prohibition, the Master ordered it off. As they left there was a scuffle and a valuable horse was shot

Raphoe, Donegal

In the Royal School, 27 rifles, and 7,000 rounds of ammo are seized. They are the property of the Ulster Volunteers.Their seizure has caused consternation from local unionists

Castleterra, Cavan

3 masked men break into the home of Rev. D.M.W Hamilton and seize a rifle. They gained entry through a trap door at the rear of the house

21st February 1919

Munich

Kurt Eisner, the Premier of Bavaria, is assassinated by Lieutenant Anton Arco Valley. As the assassination is denounced in the Bavarian Diet shots ring out from the public gallery killing a deputy and wounding another

London

The Daily Chronicle reports that de Valera spent the weekend in Balbriggan where his sister-in-law owned a business

Philadelphia

On the eve of the 3rd Irish Race Convention, final preparations are made for the arrival of 5,000 delegates to the event organised by the Friends for Irish Freedom movement.

22nd February 1919

Dublin

Three schoolboys from Donnybrook, Francis, James, and Roland Redmond are charged with breaking into the unoccupied Ardmore House on the Stillorgan Road (now on @ucddublin ) and stealing 2 carbine rifles.

Paris

At the Peace Conference, it is suggested that the entirety of the German navy be sailed into the deep Atlantic and sunk. It is noted as being a deliberately dramatic possibility, and would show the world the detest to which the German navy is held

Philadelphia

The 3rd Irish Race Convention discusses the Election, the meeting of Dáil, imprisonment of Sinn Féin leaders. De Valera’s escape from prison was feted. Although, official programme spelt his first name as “Eamow’.

Bavaria

After events in Munich, the German state falls into chaos as trade unions announce a Soviet Republic. As the confusion grows there are reports that Kurt Eisner had been shot as he was on his way to resign to the parliament

Derry

A vacancy arises in the North Derry constituency. The by-election will see Unionist, B.T Barrie, take on Sinn Féin candidate, Patrick Magettigan

Dublin

A party of Dublin Castle Intelligence Officers raid Quinn and Co. premises in Abbey Street and seize copies of a song called “Erin, Remember 1916’

Paris

Sean T. O’Kelly writes to French Premier, Clemenceau, seeking recognition for Ireland as independent. Clemenceau, who was shot 3 days ago, was bedridden as doctors urged people to stop visiting. O’Kelly's letter received no reply

23rd February 1919

Philadelphia

At the concluding day of the Irish Race Convention, the delegates pledge to raise $1 million in 6 months for Irish cause. Cardinal James Gibbons, Baltimore, leads resolution seeking President’s recognition of independence of Ireland

East-Limerick

There are rumours abound that certain areas of Limerick, on the Tipperary border, such as Oola, Galbally, Pallas, and Cappamore are to be made military areas in the coming week

Dublin

Robert Barton, who was arrested last week, is moved to Mountjoy Prison

Glen of Aherlow

The local amateur dramatic group put on a performance of Charles Kickham's 'Knocknagow'

North London

At a meeting of London Irishmen, a letter from de Valera is read. After summarising the state of republicanism in the various cities in Britain, it concludes; 'Ireland beyond the seas is waking up, and freedom is within our grasp'

Cork

The American ship, Bavaria, sends a wireless message to shore stating that they needed to alter their course and land to get medical attention for Edward Lyons, the ship's carpenter, who was ill with influenza

Dublin

At a meeting of the Irish Women's Franchise League, the ongoing imprisonment of Countess Markievicz is debated. It is noted that she is now alone in the Holloway, following Kathleen Clarke's release.

Hollywood, Rathgate

A meeting of the Ward Union Staghounds is eventually held without protest. They had experienced virulent opposition in the past few weeks from Sinn Féin supporters

Dunmore Park, Kilkenny

Owing to technical difficulties, an aeroplane forced land in Dunmore Park, outside city. It is a source for great curiosity as people travel far and wide to look at it. It is hoped that engineers from the Curragh can fix it by week's end

Tullow

Up to 600 people attend a meeting in Town Hall in Tullow with a view towards of establishing a branch of the ITGWU. Tom Farren, who was organising several branches all over the midlands in past fortnight, was chief speaker

24th February 1919

Dublin

An inquest into the death of Frances Phelan, Foley St., held. A doctor entered the flat to find Frances in bed huddled with her husband and baby. Frances was dead from flu, and the other two died soon after. A Sister-in-law who also lived there died too

Lauriston Estate, north of Cork City

The Northern Harriers hunt meet successfully, without interruption from Sinn Féin protesters. The strategy of opposing bloodsports seems to be waning across the island

Boston

President Woodrow Wilson returns to the United States aboard the Steam Ship, Washington. He makes an stirring address in which he states that the world pins their hopes on America as being a friend to mankind

Dublin

Chief Secretary gives speech to deputation from Municipal Association of Ireland outlining how the fate of Ireland was in hands of Irish people, but that political/economic disturbances would 'retard the realisation legitimate industrial ambitions'

Kilkenny

The shop of Miss A. Brophy, High Street, is raided by RIC Officers. Several pamphlets relating to the proceedings of Dáil Éireann last month are seized

25th February 1919

Dublin

The circumstances that led death 4 members of Phelan family in Flat 85C of the Corp.Buildings,Foley Street again discussed in Boardroom of Dublin Workhouse. Details poor management of the hospital ambulance, poor decisions on doctor’s part were discussed

Boston

Reports emerge of the foiling of the assassination of President Wilson as he moved through the streets of Boston. Andrew Rogosky, from Worcester, is arrested and had a revolved seized from his following suspicious behaviour

Dublin

Oxo, in an ad in the Evening Herald, claim that their produce, when taken 2-3 times a day, will prevent influenza

Wicklow

The townspeople of Wicklow were treated to an unexpected airshow when 4 biplanes undertook a series of loops, and spirals over the town. One of the pilots was Edgar Hodgson and he took the opportunity to land nearby and visit his parents

In a remarkable day for early fans of planes in Wicklow, news also broke on 25/2/19 of an application to Bray Town Council from the Northern Aerial Coy., Liverpool, for option to construct aerodromes on the shore at Bray. Prospect of Bray hosting a future Irish airport grows

Kill

Five fully armed troops accompany RIC Officers to Kill Quarry to oversee the blasting of rock with gelignite. This is part of increased security around County Council owned explosives since the Soloheadbeg Ambush

Dublin

Maud Gonne McBride and Hanna Sheehy-Skeffington speak at a meeting of the Women's Franchise League on the deplorable state of women's prisons in England and, once again, call for the release of Constance Markievicz from Holloway Prison

Kenmare

John Lyne, Gamekeeper to the Earl of Kenmare, who was shot yesterday is recovering well. He was shot in thigh by 2 masked men who broken in, possibly for acquiring arms. Lyne said he let off a shot towards the men but does not know what affect it had

26th February 1919

Thurles

Drombane Volunteer, Thomas Ryan arrested for drilling. Before court, D.I Hunt says he caused a lot of trouble. When charges put to Ryan, he says “We were Bolshevicks I suppose. I don’t recognise this court, and only recognise authority of Dáil Éireann

Kenmare

Patrick Casey, 25, from Blackvalley is found dead on roadside, with part of skull blown away. Casey is found 30 yards from where John Lyne was shot two days ago. Lyne had said that he shot at his 2 attackers but was unsure if he had injured either man

27th February 1919

Paris

Georges Clemenceau, French Prime Minister, returns to work at the Parisian War Office after an assassination attempt on him

Dublin

Owing to the flu epidemic, all National Schools in the city closes. The worst affected areas are reportedly Grangegorman, North King Street, Drumcondra, and Glasnevin

Belfast

“Moist’ weather conditions have led to a worrying spread of the flu in Belfast. The North, and East of the city are worst affected. 90 men working on the tramways were off sick yesterday

Ireland

Flu is reportedly spreading in Wicklow, Waterford, Carlow, Waterville, Listowel, Tralee, Mallow, Charleville, Mullingar, Newry, and parts of Donegal

Dublin

As the flu epidemic threatens to grow into as big a crisis as it did last year, there are calls for the government in Westminster to create a dedicated Irish Health Ministry to adequately manage health services in Ireland

New York

Daniel Cohalan, Chairman of the Irish Race Convention, sends a telegram intended for de Valera. In it he states that he will work tirelessly to solidify American opinion behind Ireland’s insistent demand for complete self-determination

Paris

Considerable interest is growing in Sean T. O’Kelly’s delegation in Paris. Several French newspapers are approaching him for comments on the Irish position, and on the whereabouts of de Valera

Thurles

William Loughnane, Quarry St., is arrested and brought before Petty Sessions Court. He has been on the run for over a year

Batterstown, Meath

Another meeting of Ward Hunt is abandoned following protest from local Sinn Féin supporters. The Earl of Fingall, James Plunkett , the acting Master, decides to call it off to prevent trouble

Gloucester

10 Irish prisoners are removed from Prison suffering from flu. Among the men removed are 3 MPs; Paudeen O'Keefe, Thomas Hunter, and Pierce McCann. They are moved to a nursing home in Beaufort Buildings, Spa Road

28th February 1919

Dublin

Charles Cameron believes that the current flu epidemic in Ireland will peak this week before going into decline in March. He also prohibits all visitors to Crookslings Sanatorium and the Pigeon House Hospital in Rialto

Owestry, Shropshire

Of the 140 people that attended a dance in Owestry hall last week, 122 have contracted the flu, and 12 have died

Paris

At the Peace Conference, the issues of creating a Jewish state, with an influx of 2million Jews, without infringing on Palestinians’ rights is discussed. It is noted that it should not be a problem if undertaken by “an enlightened government’

Gloucester Prison

Arthur Griffith telegrams from Gloucester Prison on the condition of the removed prisoners. He notes that there is no need for any relatives to be overly concerned

Maryborough

Kevin O’Higgins gives a talk in the town hall to hundreds of enthusiastic supporters. Speaking on the Irish deputation at the Peace Conference he says “it embarrasses the enemy, the protectress of small nations, has her heel on a small nation’

Kells

It is reported that Kells has the highest rate of unemployment in Ireland by virtue of fact that is has the highest pay-out of out-of-work donation payment per capitaof any urban area on the island

Dublin

The Irish Independent publishes full-page ad for a SF collection to be taken at masses across country following day. The ad says “in the year that the map of Europe is being recast the map of the United Kingdom [must] be recast’

1st March 1919

Dublin

Sean T. O’Kelly gives interesting account of de Valera’s escape to French journalists. He said that Irish girls were used to flirt with guards whilst the three prisoners made their escape. When asked where was he, O’Kelly said he’d ‘be on time when wanted’

Washington D.C

The White House issues a statement denying that Wilson told the Congressional Foreign Affairs Committee that Ireland’s issue was with England alone, and that they ought not to have any voice at the Peace Conference.

Dublin

Kathleen Clarke is reportedly gravely ill. Recently released, she has been bed-bound since reception in Gresham Hotel when she arrived from Holloway. She is being tended daily by Dr. Kathleen Lynn, Easter Rising and ICA Veteran

2nd March 1919

Nenagh

In Nenagh, as elsewhere, money collected during the conscription crisis is returned, but people are urged to give the money to Sinn Féin's self-determination fund which had its collection today across the country

Ireland

At Sunday masses in churches across country, bishops deliver their Lenten pastoral sermons. Many of them refer to the ongoing mis-management of affairs in Ireland, and in Tipperary diocese, the ongoing martial law in the south of the county is criticised

Kellistown, Carlow

Demonstration on the division of land from the Doyne estate. Those in attendance demanded that land be divided among the descendants of those who were dispossessed. The Ballon Fife &Drum Band, and the Myshall Players added music to the occasion

Curraghboy, Roscommon

As the GAA Season gets under way, the challenges faced in organising games at the time is epitomised in the cancellation of a football tournament in Curraghboy. Not one of the teams turned up owing to inability to secure transport

Dublin Castle

The RIC County Inspector's Report for February 1919 in the King's County arrives for review. He states that the county is in a peaceable condition, but discusses the ban on hunting by local Sinn Féin clubs as a sign that disaffection is growing. He also mentions that Piaras BÉaslaí and J.J Walsh were in the county during the month on Volunteer duty. He concludes by stating that the most active organisations under watch in the county in February were Cumann na mBan (3 branches, 140 members), the Women's Workers Union (1 branch, 60 members) and the ITGWU (11 branches, 1,337 members)

Dublin Castle

The RIC County Inspector's Report for February 1919 in the Queen's County arrived for review. He notes that it has been relatively quiet politically, and that only thing of note happening is growth of the labour movement, and some agrarian unrest such as the case in Cuddagh, Castletown, where a farm of 65 acres was purchased against wishes of locals who wanted it divided

Dublin Castle

The RIC County Inspector's Report for February 1919 in Westmeath arrived for review. He discusses 3 incidents of note in connection with the Volunteers. The first was a raid for arms on the Roscommon side of Athlone in which 4 men were arrested, and remain in Mountjoy prison. Another incident involved the seizing of literature in 2 stationary shops in Mullingar. The 3rd incident was at the funeral of a Volunteer on 4th February in Ballynacargy. Michael O'Connell, Draper from the village, ordered 4 other men to fire revolvers over the coffin, 3 of whom were known to police. Subsequent searches of the men's homes yielded nothing

Dublin Castle

The RIC County Inspector's Report for February 1919 in North Tipperary arrived for review.

Whilst the county is in a peaceable condition, 'the community appear to be in a great sense of anxiety as to what will happen. The Sinn Féin party is maintaining a very careful silence as to its intentions'. A clear illustration of the attitudes towards proto-social welfare schemes from British authorities in Ireland is shown when he states that the out-of-work donation scheme is 'a scandalous and incomprehensible scheme [that] has greatly demoralised the county'. On 24th February, the police came upon 30-40 men in field near Drombane. When discovered they all fled. RIC believe they were preparing for illegal drilling. The County Inspector notes he has requested military help in patrolling the south of his jurisdiction to end such activity. The first official mention from the area of what would become Sinn Féin courts is mentioned in this dispatch. It is noted that at a meeting of the mid-Tipp Executive in Thurles, the setting up of arbitration courts to settle disputes was brought up...

3rd March 1919

London

It is reported that a meeting of an organisation called the 'Ultra-Irish Society' held a midnight meeting in London, during which a letter from de Valera was read. The letter concludes with 'prove to the civilised world that you are Paddies evermore'

The report is met with confusion in Sinn Féin HQ as Harry Boland prepares a statement denouncing it as a hoax

Westminster

Sir Maurice Dockrell, Unionist M.P for Rathmines ‘ takes to the floor and asks Bonar Law the following question about a radical infrastructural project connecting Ireland and Britain; 'In view of the advantage to both GB &Ireland which would accrue from a closer connection between the 2 countries, has any recent estimate been made of cost of connecting them by tunnel; and will this question be considered in conjunction with any scheme for tunnelling Channel?'

Gloucester

Arthur Griffith telegrams an update on the condition of prisoners with flu. He states that no body is in a serious condition, and that no family members should be concerned. Among those who are recovering are, Griffith states, Pierce McCann

Dublin

In an effort to curb the continuing spread of flu, all concerts in the Mansion House are postponed indefinitely

Dublin

The condition of Kathleen Clarke is said to be improving

London

The Evening Standard Newspaper continues to offer their opinion on where de Valera is hiding. Their latest theory is he is in Spain, or maybe Portugal....but most likely Spain, near the French border, awaiting news that the Peace Conference will receive him

Sydney

As the flu spreads in Australia, controversy erupts as clergy men are prohibited from entering quarantined areas to administer communion. Waterford-born Archbishop of Sydney, Micheal Kelly, makes a personal appeal ‘ for admission

South-Kildare

A severe snow storm hits the south of County Kildare and surrounding areas. Several inches of snow falls in the fist heavy snow in the area of the winter

4th March 1919

Dublin

The Evening Herald is 1 of a number of prominent newspapers forced into acknowledging report they published yesterday on a meeting of the 'Ultra-Irish' in London was a hoax. The Herald places the blame on PA (Press Association) who disseminated the report

The report, when read closely, was clearly high farce, with references a Mr. Bouchaleen Lynch, as the man who delivered the letter from de Valera, which was also fabricated.

He added that the only genuine correspondence from de Valera, was the letter that was read out at the Sinn Féin Ard Comhairle in which he stated that he escaped Lincoln Prison to do the country's work

Sinn Féin HQ, Dublin

Harry Boland denounces yesterday's publication of a hoax meeting in London, and questions the newspapers in question as to their standards. Boland suggests that the hoax was the latest in a string of anti-Irish propaganda coming from Britain

Washington D.C

The US House of Representatives votes in favour of a resolution calling for self-determination for Ireland by a majority of 216 votes vs. 41 votes

Mansion House, Dublin

The final event in the Mansion House before closure owing to flu takes place. The star guest at the Robert Emmet memorial concert was Sean McGarry, one of the three men that escaped Lincoln Prison

Dublin

Piaras BÉaslaí, M.P for West Kerry, is arrested in Dublin at 11.15pm on his way home from the Robert Emmet Memorial Concert in the Mansion House. As BÉaslaí is being arrested by Sergeant Smith, 33 year old James Foley, a demobilised Royal Marine, approached the officer and shouted at him that he could not arrest this man. Foley then punched the officer and grabbed him by the throat. He was arrested, along with BÉaslaí

New York

President Wilson confidently announces in speech before his return to Europe that ‘I am convinced by unmistakable evidences from all parts of the country that the United States favours a League of Nations. No party, in the long run, will care to oppose it’

Wilson was annoyed as during his speech, and a reference to small nations, a body of people interrupted him by shouting 'what about Ireland?' Wilson animosity towards Cohalan stretched back several years. In 1912 Cohalan had criticised his nomination at Democratic Convention

New York

A delegation from the Friends of Irish Freedom seek to meet with President Wilson in the Metropolitan Opera House where he was making his League of Nations speech. Wilson refused to meet them until Judge Daniel Cohalan left the room.

There was also Cohalan's ooposition to the States declaring war on Germany.

There was also the purportedly forged 'Bernstorff Correspondence' ‘ which perpetuated Irish and Imperial German links

Wilson reportedly expressed little interest in what the 23 members of the Friends of Irish Freedom had to say. One account from a recent study states that he was tempted to tell the Irish-Americans to go to hell

5th March 1919

Cork

J.J Walsh was arrested in Cork, and brought to Dublin to the Bridewell. It is stated that he, and Piaras Béaslaí are arrested due to their activities in Offaly, which were mentioned in the RIC County Inspector’s Report a few days ago

Dublin

James Foley, who was arrested yesterday at the scene of the arrest of Piaris Béaslaí for punching an officer, is brought before court. It was stated he had drink taken but was well able to handle himself. He was remanded until later in the week

Gloucester

A telegram is sent to Dublin indicating that Pierce McCann is gravely ill. A solicitor from Belfast, on business visiting other prisoners, calls in on McCann in the Nursing Home where he was being kept. He did not believe he would survive the night

His parents travel from Tipperary to be at their son's side

6th March 1919

2.30am

Beaufort Buildings Spa, Gloucester

Pierce McCan, M.P for East Tipperary, dies. He succumbs to influenza contracted whilst an inmate in Gloucester Prison

Sean Nunan, originally from London, is sent by Sinn Féin to organise the bringing home of the remains

Late-morning

Sinn Féin H.Q

Rumours reach the Sinn Féin Headquarters of the death of Pierce McCan, They are confirmed by a telegram from Patrick O’Keefe, M.P for North Cork and fellow inmate in Gloucester

Westminster

The Chief Secretary, Ian MacPherson announces that all Sinn Féin prisoners in English prisons are to be released. The release only applies to prisoners in England and Wales. Any Sinn Féin prisoners in Irish prisons will remain behind bars.

Dublin

A telegram to the Governor of Gloucester Prison from the Irish Independent asking into the circumstances of McCann’s death is replied to with the following; ‘No Inquest Necessary. Died Nursing Home.'

Dublin

Robert Brennan said that initially McCan’s illness was considered least threatening in beginning. But that he suddenly developed pneumonia &temperature of 104. He revealed that he had complained that authorities were not doing enough prevent spread of flu

Dublin

Preparations are made for small receptions for the returning prisoners. W.T Cosgrave and Laurence Ginnell are expected to land in Kingstown in the morning. However, given the death of McCan overt celebrations will not take place

Kinmel Military Park, North Wales

15,000 Canadian troops were stationed in cramped conditions in the camp awaiting repatriation. After a number of weeks of rising tensions, a full scale mutiny breaks out. Five people are killed in ensuing riots

Ballymacarbry, Waterford

Micheal Ryan, Tipp South Co. Councillor, and Clonmel U.D.C Member, continues to evade arrest. 2 attempts were made to apprehend him today, at 3.30am and 8.30pm. But he slipped RIC on both occasions, the second from the home of Mr. Condon

7th March 1919

Kingstown

W.T Cosgrave and Laurence Ginnell arrive in Kingstown following their release. They are pictured below, sitting beside Bridget Burke, W.T’s mother. Behind them are (L to R) Thomas Burke (W.T’s step-father), Alice Ginnell, Ald. Tom Kelly, Fr. Flanagan

Among the prisoners awaiting release from English prisons are;

  • Peter Hughes, Chairman Dundalk Urban District Council
  • Paul Galligan, M.P for Cavan West
  • Desmond Fitzgerald, M.P for Dublin Pembroke
  • Arthur Griffith, Founder of Sinn Féin, M.P for East Cavan
  • Walter Leonard Cole, Founder of the Sinn Féin Printing and Publishing Company
  • Dr. Brian Cusack, M.P for Galway North
  • Sam O’Flaherty, Donegal Volunteer
  • William T. Cosgrave, M.P for North Kilkenny
  • Sean Milroy, Easter Rising Veteran
  • Robert Brennan, Sinn Féin National Director of Elections
  • Darrell Figgis, Hon. Secretary of Sinn Féin
  • Thomas Hunter, M.P for Cork East
  • M.J Lennon, Editor of Young Ireland
  • Rory Haskins, Belfast Volunteer (gravely ill)
  • Joseph McBride, M.P for Mayo West
  • Joseph McGrath, M.P for Dublin, St. James’
  • Dr. Richard Hayes, M.P for Limerick East
  • J.J Clancy, M.P for North County Dublin
  • Art O’Connor, M.P for South Kildare
  • Frank Lawless, M.P for North Dublin
  • and Frank Drohan, South Tipp. Volunteer
  • Sean O’Mahony, M.P for Fermanagh South
  • Peadar O’Hourihan, Cork Volunteer

Dublin

Both Ginnell and Cosgrave spoke out against their treatment in prison. Whilst at times, they were treated reasonably fairly, the continued poor food and cramped conditions left their toll upon them

Gloucester

Several of the Sinn Féin prisoners in Gloucester Prison are too ill to be released. Arthur Griffith is said to be worst off, with Patrick O’Keefe badly off too. Rory Haskins has improved somewhat, and his life is no longer in danger

England

Several of the imprisoned Sinn Féin members in other rare too ill to be released too. Among them is Art O’Connor, M.P for South Kildare. 13 prisoners are fit to be released across various prisons

Holloway Prison

Countess Constance Markievicz is released from prison at 5pm, after 10 months incarceration

Gloucester

The remains of Pierce McCan are removed from the Nursing Home in which he died. Amidst pouring rain a small crowd Irish mourners walk behind the hearse. As the procession passed by, locals removed there caps and bowed for the coffin draped in tricolour

Kilkenny

Kilkenny People reports Thomas Burke, W.T Cosgrave’s step-father, has telegramed William O’Meara, Treasurer of the City’s Sinn Féin club informing them of Cosgrave and Ginnell’s return. They are unsure of when the Lord Mayor, Peter deLoughry is returning

Ballinlough, Meath

A very successful ceilí is held in the primary school in Ballinlough in aid of St. Enda’s School, Rathfarnham, which recently was vacated by the military and was handed back to the Pearse family

8th March 1919

Kingstown

The mailboat, Ulster, from Holyhead docks in Kingstown Harbour. Aboard are the remains of Pierce McCan. Accompanying him are several released prisoners including Dr. Richard Hayes M.P, Patrick O’Keefe M.P, and Peter deLoughry, Lord Mayor of Kilkenny

Kingstown

On the pier to receive the remains are Fr. O’Dwyer from Thurles, Harry Boland and Michael Collins representing Sinn Féin, and Mrs. McGuinness and Ms. Smith representing Kingstown Sinn Féin Club and Kingstown Cumann na mBan respectively

Kingstown Train Station

The coffin, draped in a tricolour, is placed on a train bound for Westland Row. Accompanying them are two large wreaths, one with a note ‘Comrades in Gloucester Jail’ and another ‘Wives of Gloucester Prisoners’.

7am

Westland Row Train Station

The train arrives into Westland Row. The remains are then brought to the Pro-Cathedral for Requiem Mass, celebrated by Rev. Fr. John G. O’Reilly

11.05am

Pro-Cathedral

The chief mourners, McCan’s parents (centre with beard and head bowed), Josephine Aherne, McCann's fiancÉ and McCann's mother lead the procession towards Kingsbridge Station

Dublin

The procession, which took two hours to reach its destination, moves down O'Connell Street, Westmoreland Street, Dame Street, Parliament Street, and finally down the South Quays past Guinness to the train station

Dublin

The procession contains thousands of Volunteers, Cumann na mBan, Dáil Éireann members, and members of the general public.

Wellington Quay

As Procession passes Grattan Bridge, 2 lieutenants and sergeant of the RAF, Collinstown, in a motorbike with carriage attempted to cut through. They are surrounded by crowd, who take motorbike and throw it in the Liffey. The Officers flee the scene

12pm

Kingsbridge Station

Michael Collins, Harry Boland, and Sean O’Muirthile carry Pierce McCan’s coffin into the train station. It is placed upon the train bound for Thurles. Accompanying the remains are Cathal Brugha, W.T Cosgrave, and Darrell Figgis.

Leinster

The train passes through Sallins, Kildare, Portarlington &Ballybrophy. At each stop the train is met by local members of Sinn Féin and Cumann na mBan giving tribute to the late McCan. There are also large displays in Monasterevin, Maryborough &Mountrath

5.30pm

Thurles

The train is met by two columns of 500 local Volunteers who lead the procession to the Cathedral in Thurles. Thousands more Cumann na mBan, and the general public also join the march, led by the Thurles Brass and Reed Band

Thurles Cathedral

Archbishop of Cashel, John Harty, receives the remains in the cathedral. He says ‘Now Pierce McCan is dead, and beyond the tyrannical power of the British Government’. McCan lies in state for the night as thousands of locals file past

Paris

German Officials at the Peace Conference refuse to give up their Merchant Naval Fleet unless they receive a guarantee of 2 million tons of food aid to be supplied between now and the harvest to stave off a potential summer famine in the country

Tipperary

On the same day that the remains of Pierce McCan are brought to Tipperary, ten men are arrested in relation to the Soloheadbeg ambush. They areArthur, Matthew, and John Barlow, Shrough; Joseph and Patrick Callaghan (workers on Barlow’s farm), Patrick Power (worker at Matt. Barlow’s sawmills), Denis Noonan, Maurice Crowe, William Hartnett and Patrick Maloney (son of P.J Maloney, M.P for South Tipperary)

Tipperary

The whereabouts of John Connors, the boy arrested on 19th February, is still unknown. His family are frantic with concern as authorities refuse to share information with them amidst ongoing military area precautions

8th March 1919

Cliftonville, Belfast

The second Irish Cup Semi-final takes place between @Glentoran and Belfast Celtic before 16,000 supporters in. In a ferocious encounter, Glentoran take a 2-0 lead, before scenes in the stands turn ugly. Bottles begin to be thrown as one group of fans begin to sing the ‘Soldier's Song’. The excitement in the stands then shifted to the pitch as several fouls began to break up the play. With 5 minutes remaining large group fans burst on to the pitch and began to chase the players. The referee abandons game as bottles and stones fly across the pitch.

Damage is done to Cliftonville Pavillion. However, the hefty gate receipts (the price of tickets having been raised for the game according to the Belfast Newsletter), £712, were secured.

9th March 1919

Dublin

The Sunday Independent publishes a cartoon of Erin knocking upon the Gates of Liberty seeking the right to self-determination

Dublin

The role played by Lord French, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, in the release of the prisoners is discussed. It is stated that the main factor in the release was not the conditions that they faced, or the death of McCan, rather it was French's threat to resign

Oxford University

The prestigious Oxford Union declares its sympathy for Sinn Féin and their efforts for the self-determination of Ireland by a majority of 18 votes

2.30pm

Thurles Cathedral

The remains of Pierce McCan are removed, led by the Thurles Confraternity Brass and Reed Band playing the Dead March. The procession marched at a slow pace out of the town, but sped up to Horse and Jockey before slowing once more to Dualla

Dualla Graveyard

After passing by Ballyowen House, the home of the McCan's, the procession reaches its destination after a 3 hour journey. There are thousands of people at the graveyard, and the remains are received by scores of clergy at the graveside. Cathal Brugha delivers the graveside oration. He states that there are creatures among them spying on them and sending reports to Dublin Castle. He reminds them that these creatures exist owing to the goodwill of the people present in Dualla

Dublin

The Irish Independent reports that one of the three boys that were lifted by authorities in Tipperary, and whose whereabouts is unknown, Matthew Hogan, has a brother, John (Seán), who has been missing for two months and is wanted by police...

Kingstown Harbour

28 Sinn Féin members, that had been imprisoned in England, return Irish soil. Among them is Arthur Griffith who spoke about the lack of fresh air that they had access to in Gloucester Prison and he speculated this had a detrimental affect on McCan

New York

The Freeman's Journal reports on the death of Dr. Thomas Addis Emmet. He was grandson of United Irishman of same name, and grand-nephew of Robert Emmet. He is recognised as the founder of modern-day plastic surgery andwas a pioneer on women's health

Washington D.C

The Washington Daily News publishes a photo of President Wilson &his wife aboard deck of the George Washington, the ship the is bringing him en-route to France. Wilson is said to be ill with flu in the mid-Atlantic and his health is being monitored

Washington D.C

Ahead of their highly anticipated World Heavyweight Title bout in July, Jack Dempsey and Jess Willard are busy training

10th March 1919

New York

The perils of international journalism are shown in the reporting of a speech by former President, William Taft. It was reported yesterday that Taft said 'The Irish question should be settled by the Peace Conference'. However, Reuters telegrammed today .. stating that Taft had actually said 'The Irish question should not be settled by the Peace Conference'. Quite the correction! Taft's comments were met with a mixture of cheers and hisses in New York

Mansion House

Lord Mayor of Dublin, Laurence O'Neil ‘ proposes a vote of sympathy to the family of Pierce McCan. He says 'it is difficult for moderate men to control their words when faced with such an act of infamy, an act arising from mis-government ... 'by which our tyrant masters hope to destroy the spirit of our race, by persecuting our men, by endevouring to break the hearts of our women, and frighten the love of our country from the breasts of our children'

'Do they think that the sight of Pierce McCan's corpse going through the streets of Dublin, and carried to its last resting place in the golden vale of Tipperary will make Irish people more loyal to their enactments? What fools they are! What fools they will remain!

Kingstown

As further Irish released prisoners return, James Nolan, M.P for Leitrim, returns to the news that his sister is ill with pneumonia in the Meath Hospital. He immediately makes his way there, where he meets just before she dies

Liverpool

Samuel MacFarland, a 23 year old quartermaster, is charged with desertion. He assumed the identity of a dead comrade called Lawson and fled the War using his assumed name.

London

The Star interviews Constance Markievicz. When asked does she know where deValera - 'of course, we all do.' 'What a lovely fairy tale that was about his escape, I drew a sketch of it'. She then produces a cartoon of a guard making love to a woman ... by the prison wall, and deValera and his two co-escapees had a giant key opening the front door of the prison. She also states that she replied to Lloyd George's letter of invitation to parliament, but the censor spared his blushes and did not deliver it to him

11th March 1919

Paris

Terms for a future German army are discussed. It will be proposed to them that they are not permitted a naval war fleet. They will not be permitted to have any tanks. Their army shall consist of a maximum of 100,000 men each on 12 years service

Paris

A Committee finds that it is not possible to bring charges on the Kaiser and his advisors for starting the War under international law

Dublin

The general theory among the medical community in Dublin is that influenza is on the wane, and that the current wave has reached its zenith. The death toll from the flu in the city, whilst still high, has been reducing about 30% week on week

Westminster

Frustrations are expressed in the House of Commons at the recent passing of a resolution in the U.S House of Representatives on self-determination for Ireland. It is felt that interference from a foreign legislature was not appropriate.

Durham Prison

8 Sinn Féin prisoners are released from Durham Prison. Among them are PádraigSiochfhradha (An Seabhac), Seamus O’Neill, Rockwell College, and Eamonn Morkan, Birr. They were greeted with celebration at the prison gates, and also in Manchester

Durham Prison

Frank, and Eamon Bulfin, Birr, are not among those released, however. There is confusion as to the reasoning behind their ongoing detention

Durham Prison

Art O’Connor, M.P for South Kildare, remains too ill to be released and he is still recovering in the prison hospital

7.30pm

Optic Lodge, 146 Richmond Road, Dublin

Alfred Pearson, the occupier of the Optic Lodge ‘, is shot dead. A party of up to four men enter the house, and after a brief struggle shot Pearson. He staggers outside and dies on the footpath

10pm

Kilkenny

There are jubilant scenes in Kilkenny, as the city welcomes home its Lord Mayor, Peter deLoughry ‘ Out of the respect of the late Rev. M. Walsh, Adm., whose remains were lying in state in St. John’s Church, opposite the train station, there was no cheering when he emerged from the carriage, but the welcome was none the less warm. Having been greeted by Alderman Nowlan and other members of the Corporation, the Mayor and Mr. William T. Cosgrave (the Lady Mayoress, Mrs. de Loughry accompanying the former) took their places in a motor car in a procession to the city centre. Nowlan addressed the crowd ... 'Fellow citizens, at special meeting of the Corporation I was appointed welcome Peter deLoughry on their behalf. As you are all aware he was, 10 months ago whipped away out of the country by the emissaries of King George of England and kept in a British Dungeon up to this night.

DeLoughry, in his reply, said 'He and his comrades had come back to Ireland when the greatest cloud that had ever darkened the world was lifting and when the English Government and the English people in the delirium and delusion of triumph, were clapping themselves on the back .. and shouting form the rooftops; Behold, we are the masters of creation. The Turk we have beaten to her knees, the Austrian Empire annihilated, and the once proud German people are now before us looking for terms’, but they had overlooked one fact ...which stood out clear and indisputable and that was the fact that they had not yet beaten the Irish nation.' W.Cosgrave also addressed the large crowd saying that Ireland was ready to take her place among the nations of the earth. Below is the enthusiastic

12th March 1919

Dublin

Laurence Flanagan dies. He is Sinéad de Valera’s father. Defying expectations that Eamonn de Valera would come out into the public for the occasion, he remains in hiding.

Dublin

Considerable intrigue is generated by the Optic Lodge shooting. It emerges that there were 2 women in house at time of death, Kate Doran and Kate Orr. They state that they met Pearson in a pub in Ballybough, before returning to his home

New York

Statistics published from the city’s army recruitment department, show that proportionally, around 45% of eligible Irish American men joined the army, the highest among the ethnic groups in the city. 41% of Italian Americans enlisted

Dublin

At the King’s Bench Division, a request is made to have the trial of the O’Brien brothers, charged in connection with the Silvermines murder, to be held before a special jury. The request is granted

Canningstown, East Cavan

An Orange Hall is opened in the small village of Canningstown. A representative of the Order states that they are every bit entitled to self-determination as anybody else

13th March 1919

Dublin

Inquest into the death of 46 y/o Alfred Pearson is held. One of the women in the house at the time stated that merely 5 minutes after arriving there was a knock on the door, followed by a scuffle. A masked man appeared brandishing a revolver before fleeing

East Berlin

Reports emerge of extraordinary violence in the German capital between Spartacist insurgents and Freikorps. The death toll from the past few days is said to be over 1,000

Dublin

An announcement is made regarding plans in two day’s time for a public reception welcoming home Constance Markievicz to Dublin

Birr

Eamonn Morkan receives warm welcome from Birr following his return from Durham Prison with a torchlight procession led by Volunteers from Birr, Eglish, Killyon, Shinrone, and Banagher. Frustration is expressed at the continued imprisonment of the Bulfins.

Wolfhill, Laois

Eamonn Fleming is welcomed home from Reading Prison. In a speech to his well-wishers he speaks about the poor health he had whilst behind bars, but had nothing but kind words to say on prison officials

14th March 1919

Kingstown Harbour

Harry Boland &Michael Collins greet 7 more released prisoner. They include Thomas Hunter and Sean McEntee. 5prisoners remain. Art O’Connor, Rory Haskins, and Willie Loughran are all too ill to travel. The 2 Bulfins are still not at liberty

Washington D.C

Communications come from the U.S stating that de Valera will only be allowed enter the country with a valid passport amidst speculation that he is either already en-route to, or will soon depart from Ireland for America

Dublin

The Irish Independent publishes a front page ad for the Gaelic League reminding readers that the Irish language was under threat, and that Lloyd George’s assertion that the Irish had no language to claim nationhood was false.

Paris

President Woodrow Wilson arrives in Paris for the conclusion of the Peace talks.

United States

In newspapers all over America, an article by Ralph F. Couch on the Irish situation is printed. It features legitimate quotes from de Valera, as well as Boland and Fr. Flanagan. It is a great coup for SinnFéin propaganda.

Dublin

Ahead of St. Patrick’s Day celebrations, the main national newspapers print Irish translations of the main Catholic prayers. The Irish translations are phonetically spelt to allow people to pronounce the words easier

14th March 1919

7.15pm

Liberty Hall, Dublin

Countess Constance Markievicz arrives for a public reception in honour of her return from imprisonment in Holloway Prison

She arrived to Liberty in a car accompanied by Michael Collins, Madame Gonne MacBride, Mrs. Wyse Power and other members of Cumann na mBan. Markievicz moved in procession down Eden Quay, Westmoreland Street, Dame Street, Lord Edward Street, Cornmarket, and Francis Street, to New Street where she gave a rousing speech.. Large bodies of the Dublin Metropolitan Police were present at various points of the procession, but the events passed off peacefully.

16th March 1919

Wexford

Just over one year since the death of John Redmond, a massive day of commemoration takes place. A procession of over 5,000 people pass through the streets of Wexford town to listen to a speech ‘ by Joseph Devlin, leader of Irish Parliamentary Party

Wexford

The procession of 5,000 is lead by Devlin in a motor car, accompanied by the Mayor of Wexford, William Archer Redmond, and the Mayor of Waterford, David McDonald

Wexford

The procession is made up of the remaining supporters of the Irish Parliamentary Party, which is mainly concentrated in pockets of nationalist Ulster and, especially, Redmond's own south-east of Wexford and Waterford

Dublin

17 members of the G Company, Dublin Volunteers, assemble to hear of plans of a mission they are to carry out that night. Peadar Clancy and Rory O'Connor outline details on a blackboard. The mission; to break Robert 'Bob' Barton out of Mountjoy Prison

Michael Collins had smuggled a file into Barton, who had sawn away the bars of his prison cell window. The escape plan involved Volunteers throwing a rope ladder over the high prison wall, and Barton leaping to freedom once at the top

Mountjoy Prison

Once the Volunteers move into position, Mick Downs, from Clara, tosses the rope ladder over the prison wall. Barton eventually begins to climb the ladder, Downs' strength providing a counter-weight for the climbing prisoner. Once at the top of the wall, Barton jumped into a taut blanket, held by four volunteers. However, Barton's weight was to great and he hit the ground hard. He was, however, uninjured, and he entered a car and was taken to refuge in Donnybrook

17th March 1919

Dublin

The main national newspaper publishes a genuine letter from Eamonn de Valera on their front page. The letter is published by the Gaelic League, who reminds its readers to keep the page as it will become historic

Dublin

The letter begins with reminder that saving the Irish language is special duty of the Irish people; whilst the struggle for independence is reliant upon the will of other nations, saving Irish is entirely up to Irish people

Dublin

De Valera starkly warns, 'the language is dying, tomorrow it will be too late. shall we not save it today, when we may?'

Dublin

The English section of the letter concludes with de Valera pointing towards President Wilson claiming to Clemenceau he spoke 'American', and how Wilson would have loved to have had a true language of its own for his nation..

Dublin

Clery's Department store run a highly-stylised ad in the Irish Independent for their Irish products. The ad has the crests of the 4 provinces in the corners, and 2 'Déanta i nÉirinn' (Made in Ireland) logos on either side

New York

At a special dinner in his honour, the tenor, John McCormack, officially becomes a naturalised American citizen. The Westmeath man marks the occasion with a rendition of the 'Star-Spangled Banner'

8pm

Killahurk, Leitrim

John Hand, a 45 y/o father of two, sits down to St. Patrick's Day supper in his farmhouse. A masked man bursts into the house and shoots Hand dead at the kitchen table. Local animosity over litigation over a right-of-way is possible motive

Paris

Despite recent comments to the contrary, the strong opposition to the League of Nations, especially among Republicans, is causing alarm among Peace Conference delegates. The prospect of the League being established without the U.S as a member grows

Cairo

Following the arrest of Saad Zaghloul ‘, leader of Egyptian independence movement, protests against British rule of Egypt and Sudan escalate into widespread violence. Below, three women, holding a Sultanate of Egypt flag, protest against British rule

Dublin

News breaks of Robert Barton's audacious escape from Mountjoy. He leaves a letter behind for the Governor in which he saysowing to discomfort he left, and he asks for him to keep his baggage safe until he sent for it

Dublin

The National Holiday is celebrated vigorously in Dublin. The Irish Language Fund sells miniature tricolours outside every church service, as every major business in the city closes. Scenes are reminiscent of pre-war holidays

Baldoyle

The main attraction in Dublin #OTD in 1919 was the Baldoyle Horse races. It is estimated that over 10,000 people made their way to the Northside venue to witness the spectacle

Waterford

The exception to the peaceful enjoyment of the day was in Waterford City. One day after the Redmond Anniversary in Wexford, there are widespread riots between Redmondites and Sinn Féiners.

London

Field Marshal Lambart, the 10th Earl of Cavan, presents shamrocks to members of the Irish Guards to celebrate St. Patrick's Day

Kilkenny

Lord Mayor, Peter deLoughry, leads the St. Patrick's Day procession through the streets of Kilkenny, cheered on by thousands of people. It is the largest such event in the City's history for many decades

2am

Macroom

The RIC Patrol of Macroom is set upon by a large group of young men and are beaten. One officer, who became separated, discharged his revolver into the air several times, but was charged at by the group. A nearby wake was subsequently raided by police

18th March 1919

Mountjoy Prison

Officials in the capital's largest prison are left embarrassed by reports on Robert Barton's escape. Rumours as to how Barton fled wildly vary, and some weight is given to rumour that he fled in an aeroplane!

Phoenix Park, Dublin

After much condemnation in British and Irish press, the whereabouts of the children that were taken by military forces in connection with the Soloheadbeg Ambush investigation is confirmed; they are in the military depot in the Phoenix Park

19th March 1919

Washington D.C

Republicans in Senate threaten President Wilson, that if he does not negotiate a satisfactory agreement in Paris, Congress will vote to terminate the War with Germany. They argue that as Congress has the power to commence a war, they can end it too

Harcourt St., Dublin

At 5.30am, a party of British soldiers walk up Harcourt St, making a lot of disturbance, and allegedly firing rifles into the air. A window in Sinn Féin HQ is broken by a missile. Police are investigating

Belfast

The Belfast Newsletter reports that at a meeting in London it was announced that wireless messages had been successfully exchanged from Canada to Ireland

Belfast

After several days of rain, Belfast is hit with significant flooding. The worst affected area was around Donegall Road.

London

As agreement nears on emergency food supplies for Germany, Punch magazine publishes a cartoon commenting upon the acute food crisis in Romania, and how the Allies are seemingly feeding their enemies before their friends

Parnell Square, Dublin. Approx. 10pm

At least 25 Volunteers, mainly from the 1st Battalion, Dublin Volunteers, meet in Parnell Square. Some were dressed in British Army Uniforms. They await transport for a massive arms raid upon Collinstown Aerodrome, near Swords

20th March 1919

Midnight

Parnell Square

The 25 members of the Dublin Volunteers leave for Collinstown Aerodrome. They depart in four cars. They all depart towards the Santry Road, before splitting; two head toward Ballymun and two heads towards Swords

Approx 1.30am

Collinstown Cross

The Volunteers congregate at Collinstown Cross and go towards the Aerodrome on foot under the light of a bright moon.

The dogs that guarded the perimeter were asleep, having been knocked out with morphine-laden meat given to them by two Volunteers that worked there as they left work the previous day

The Volunteers surprised the guards and easily disarmed them. Tying each of them up. They proceeded to raid the strong-room and take 75 rifles and 16,000 rounds of ammo

2am

Collinstown Aerodrome

Commandant of the 1st Battalion, Paddy Holohan, dressed as a British Officer approached the perimeter hoping to surprise a sentry. Frustrated at finding none, he shouted ‘Come on, lads!’ and the Volunteers charged the hut

Collinstown Aerodrome

The sentry, that should have been guarding the perimeter, was in hut warming feet by fire when the Volunteers burst in. Fearing strong reprimand, he called to the Volunteers as they were leaving ‘for the love of Jaysus, don’t leave me here! So the Volunteers took him outside, and rolled him around in the mud, with his permission. They then brought him back inside and tied him by the legs to a rack completing the illusion that he put up the strongest fight

North Dublin

The Volunteers make their getaway. One Ford Model T car carried 12 Volunteers back to the city centre. Another car’s tyres burst under the weight of the rifles. The driver, Owen Cullen, proceeded with the burst tyre to the arms dump at the Nag’s Head, The Naul. When the guns were taken out, he tried to drive back to the city, however it made too much noise so they abandoned it. The car belonged to ‘Alderman’ Paddy Corrigan, who was, among other things, an undertaker in the city. He had ingeniously anticipated that something might happen. He had arranged, prior to lending the car to the Volunteers, to have it transformed into a motor hearse. When hearing that car was abandoned, and being guarded by the RIC, he went to the mechanics and asked for an update on how work was going. The mechanics, Callow’s of Westland Row, said they hadn’t got the car from him. Corrigan insisted he had given it to them the previous day. The mechanic lined up some of his employees and asked Corrigan which one of them had taken his car the previous day. Corrigan immediately raised a fuss and said that it was none of them and he reported the car stolen to police. Naturally enough, the RIC, having possession of the car anyways, safely returned the car to its owner and nobody was any the wiser of its gun-running role the night before

Dublin

The evening press report on the raid on Collinstown Aerodrome. The Evening Herald notes that it was the most daring and sensational raid for arms in Ireland to date. They save their best line of their report for the end; they reliably inform readers that no aeroplanes were missing.

21st March 1919

Paris

Discussions turns towards German reparations at Peace Conference. It is apparent, despite fact there is universal agreement Germany should pay hefty price monetarily for War, they are unable to pay a penny. The prospect of payment of over 50 years is raised

Korea

Riots ‘that commenced at the start of the month across Korea subside. It is the first violent expression of Korean calls for self-determination. The peninsula has been under Japanese rule since 1910

Dublin

Reaction to yesterday’s massive arms raid on Collinstown Aerodrome continues. In interviews with press, Aerodrome guards speak of how the Volunteers moved about silently like ghosts ‘or those Japanese dummies that ye sometimes see doin’ tricks on a stage’

Dublin

Fr. Michael O’Flanagan ‘, Vice President of Sinn Féin, is refused a passport to travel to Americ

Egypt

The situation in Egypt continues to deteriorate; riots spread in opposition to British rule. Turkish flag, as seen below, is being flown several towns and villages in the west of the country. British reinforcements are expected in Cairo in the coming week

Rathfarnham

Margaret Pearse receives a telegram in St. Edna’s from Eamonn Bulfin. The past pupil of the school assures Mrs. Pearse that he is being deported from England to Ireland. His uncle, Frank, is also expected back in Dublin in a few days

Dublin

In the wake of raid on the RAF guards, Collinstown Aerodrome, Crown Forces are now ordered to shoot individuals should they refuse to halt when commanded to do so. This is the first such order of the present conflict and is seen as a significant escalation

Paris

The La Gazette Franco-Britannique comments upon the situation in Ireland. It comments on how 700 years of occupation have not been able to diminish her noble sentiments. It urges the Peace Conference to hear from Sean T. O’Kelly.

Bagnalstown

All of the mill hands employed with Brown and Crostwaith Mill are dismissed. They refused to handle produce that was to be sent to Graig where fellow ITGWU men are on strike. The development has caused significant consternation in the area

Navan

In between Liscarton House and Batchelor’s Lodge, Navan, a ‘large and powerful two seat plane with gun’ landed owing to engine trouble. It rested there for a few days before being fixed. It was subject much local attention from townspeople of Kells &Navan

Kilkenny

Labour tensions continue to rise in the city. A procession is held of workers in support of striking clerical workers in Stathams Ltd. in the city. It is decided to postpone a mass meeting in the city centre until Sunday evening

22nd March 1919

Dublin

The national press reports that Eamonn de Valera will return to Dublin in five days time. It is reported that the Lord Mayor will greet him at the City Gates and bring him to a reception in the Mansion House

23rd March 1919

Piazza San Sepolcro, Milan

Former member of Italian Socialist Party, Benito Mussolini, speaks at gathering demanding all to oppose the ideals of socialism. The movement that grew from the meeting became known as Sansepolcrismo, precursor to Italian Fascist Party

Pembroke, Wales

Colm O'Donovan, prominent Sinn Féin organiser in Bandon, whilst being escorted back to Hereford prison, escapes from the custody of his escort in the railway station. Authorities are carrying out investigations

Collinstown Aerodrome

All 800 employees in the Aerodrome are let go. They include carpenters, electricians, fitters, masons, and labourers. An obvious rumour spread that this was due to last week's arms raid. However, this is likely not the case ... It becomes clear that the contractor working on the site had been asked by the RAF to complete by 1st Feb. An extension was granted, but when the contractor admitted there was still 3 months work left, the contract was terminated. The hope is that those let go will be re-hired

Dublin

Mass protests, after mass, take place at the treatment of prisoners in Belfast. Below is image of protest outside the pro-cathedral. The image shows Fr. Flanagan seconding the resolution, read by Fr. Bowden

Dublin

Lieutenant K. V. Dan seeks £150 compensation for his motorbike that was tossed into the Liffey by mourners marching in Pierce McCann's funeral procession. Dan, drove the motorbike into the procession to which the mourners took grave exception

Thurles

Toomeva, led by the great Widger Meagher, defeat Boherlahane to win the 1918 Tipperary Senior Hurling Championship. Toomevara were scoreless at half time, but a strong 2nd half saw them win on scoreline of 6-0 to 3-4.

Kilkenny

A strike of clerical workers in Sthatam's Motor Works in the city is causing a great deal of strife in the city. At a large public meeting in the city centre today, Mr. Power, of the Waterford Clerical Workers Organisation, accuses the Kilkenny People ... of refusing to support the strikers by not printing some material for them. The newspaper responds firmly. They confirm that they did not print one particular piece of literature as it could easily be construed as a document of boycott, and should not be printed in the city

Mullagh, Cavan

On her way from Ballyjamesduff to Bailieborough Workhouse, the baby of a traveller named Rose McKenna died in her arms. She presented herself to the RIC Barracks in Mullagh seeking help as no one would take her in ... The Officers took her in and gave her food and shelter before escorting her to the Workhouse. The tragic case illustrates the harshness of life for members of the traveller community in Ireland at the time and the struggles that they faced on a daily basis

Budapest

The Hungarian situation continues to deteriorate. Two days ago a Socialist Republic was declared in Budapest , which led to communists streaming through the streets in celebration ‘Today, Vladimir Lenin orders Béla Kun, de facto leader of the Hungarian Communists ‘, to remove the Social Democrats from power

24th March 1919

Dublin

Mary Kate O’Kelly, wife of Sean T., is refused a passport to America. She is the latest in a string of prominent members of Sinn Féin, or associates, to be refused documentation

Dublin

Sinn Féin advertise further details of De Valera’s homecoming in a few days. The event is being viewed as potentially very significant. It is the first such reception in Dublin since the visit of Queen Victoria 19 years

25th March 1919

Paris

The situation in Hungary highlights a perceived fear of the Bolshevik menace in Eastern Europe. The Peace Conference discussions are viewed as a race between Peace and Anarchy

Dublin

Military authorities issue a proclamation prohibiting all public gatherings in Dublin. This puts tomorrow’s prominent homecoming event for de Valera in grave doubt

Cork

RIC Constables Cornelius Cadogan, and M.L. Rogers are found guilty of robbery of the American naval base in Aghada. They receive 9 and 3 months imprisonment with hard labour respectively

Late evening

Dublin

Eamon de Valera makes an official request to cancel his homecoming tomorrow. This is in the face of the prohibition of public gatherings in Dublin and the potential for bloodshed should the event take place

26th March 1919

Dublin

Alarming stats on Irish mortality rates during final quarter of 1918 are published. 20,006 babies are born, but 26,656 people die. The death rate in Leinster is 29.8 per 1,000 whilst birth rate is only 19.2 per 1,000. The starkest stat is that of infant mortality rate in urban areas; 128 per 1,000 versus 61 per 1,000 for rural areas

In total, 87,563 people were born in Ireland in 1918, and 78,685 died

Dublin

The Irish Times publishes a letter which considers the potential impact of the possible introduction of PR-STV voting in Ireland for General Elections. It’s stated 10 Anti-Catholic Orangemen, 14 Anti-Protestant Hibernians, 18 Rational Unionists, 27 Rational Nationalist, and 33 Sinn Féiners would be elected. This is in keeping with rising commentary in the press of the fact that Home Rule sentiment/policies may not be totally dead

Dublin

Businesses in O’Connell Street were boarded up in anticipation of violence surrounding de Valera’s planned return. Despite de Valera’s own request the night before, crowds of people began to gather at Mount St. Bridge and the Mansion House

Dawson Street became overrun with onlookers, and the military had to use forceful means to regulate the flow of traffic. After a few hours, it started to rain heavily and the crowds dispersed in disappointment

Dublin

A massive military operation commences from the early morning in Dublin with thousands of troops and DMP Officers taking position at key positions in the city. 100 Cavalry patrolled the North Circular Road. Several machine gun units were also set up. Sean O’Duffy, Dublin Volunteer was escorted among the heavy military presence by DMP Detective Officer Cavanagh by way of warning to Sinn Féin not to have de Valera enter the city. O’Duffy raced to Sinn Féin HQ and relayed this information

Nenagh

W.L Hodgins is awarded £3,100 in damages for the burning of his property, Derrycastle House on 22nd January. Malice was proven in proceedings; Hodgins had only acquired the property a week before its destruction

27th March 1919

Dublin

John Harney, from Curragh, Athlone, is court-martialed. He was charged with being in possessions with two documents. One was entitled ‘Ruthless Aggression’ and described how anybody that aided conscription in Ireland should be treated as a foreign enemy

The other document, titled ‘The Leinster Outrage’, asked why there was never a proper inquest into the sinking of The Leinster. It mentions how ships sailed through the debris and ailing passengers in the water, one such ship had former Chief Secretary, Edward Shortt on board

3pm

Dawson Street, Dublin

Eamonn de Valera steps off a tram with Cathal Brugha and makes his way to the Mansion House for a low-key meeting with the Lord Mayor

28th March 1919

Paris

Marshal Ferdinand Foch, the Commander of Allies in War, is summoned to meeting of Council of 4. Other senior Allied military leaders also called in. Despite curtain of secrecy upon agenda, it is assumed that deepening crisis in eastern Europe was discussed

Aintree Racecourse, Liverpool

Poethlyn wins the 78th Grand National. The horse won the unofficial National the year before, and came in at 11/4, the hottest favourite to ever win the race. Poethlyn was ridden by Ernest Piggot father or Keith,grandfather of Lester, great-grandfather of Tracy

Transcaucasia, Russia

There are reports of a famine in the Transcaucasia region of famine with people resorting to desperate means to secure food

Dublin

The court-martial of J.J Walsh, M.P for Cork City, commences in Ship-Street Barracks. He is charged in connection with a speech delivered in Edenderry, King’s County, in late February

When asked was he going to represent himself, Walsh said ‘I refuse to recognise this farce’. When Chair listed names of all officers present, and asked Walsh had he any objection to anybody, he said ‘I am not in the least bit concerned’. When summing up evidence, the Chair said ‘it might seem unfortunate to court that here in the 19th Century, anyone should hold these medieval sentiments which the accused honestly maintained’. Walsh replied, ‘you are a century out!’ The verdict is to be announced at later date.

29th March 1919

Paris

An Associated Press journalist interviews Sean T. O’Kelly. O’Kelly indicates that if the question of Ireland is not brought up immediately, then Irish Americans will block the ratification of the League of Nations in Congress

2.30pm

Drumcondra Road

A large number of Volunteers make their way by bike to Cotter’s Cycle Shop on the Drumcondra Road, near the Royal Canal. They park their bikes and make their way inconspicuously towards the walls of Mountjoy Prison. They assume position without being noticed and await the clock to chime 3pm

2.55pm

Mountjoy Prison, Exercise Yard

Sinn Féin prisoners go about their afternoon’s exercise observing the positions of warders in preparedness for the chiming of the clock for 3pm

3pm

Mountjoy Prison, Exercise Yard

When the clock strikes 3, Mick Downs, the same man that had thrown a wooden rope over the same wall less than two weeks ago when Robert Barton escaped Mountjoy, throws another rope over the wall. Inside, several prisoners assault warders and hold them up with imaginary guns. Amidst the chaos, about thirty Volunteers make their way towards the rope and begin climbing. The first two to escape are Piaras Beaslai and J.J. Walsh. At least 18 other prisoners follow them, all aided in their escape by a growing crowd of supporting onlookers. One man, pausing on wall, quoting ‘To Althea, from Prison’ shouts ‘Stone walls do not a prison make, Nor iron bars a cage’. The escape ends when reinforcements arrive.

The escape lasted for 10 - 15 minutes in all. Several policemen were engaged in the Phoenix Park races which helped them to get away to safehouses. The instigator of the escape, Laois man Padraig Fleming, fled to the home of Louise Gavan Duffy, where he stayed for several weeks

The break-out was the largest ever from an Irish prison. Some of the other escapees were Henry Morgan, Sean Forde, Martin Fleming, Liam Tannan, Dermot O’Shea, and Stephen O’Connor

Ireland

Ireland enters Daylight Savings time for the third time since its introduction in 1916

Washington D.C

It is confirmed that passports have been issued to 4 prominent Irish Americans to travel to France. They are official representatives of the Irish Race Convention, and they hope to make known Ireland’s cause at the Peace Conference. They are ...

  • Michael J. Ryan, former City Solicitor for Philadelphia
  • Edward Fitzsimons Dunne, former Governor of Illinois and Mayor of Chicago. His father was a prominent Young Irelander who fled after the failed rebellion
  • And Frank P. Walsh, prominent lawyer and champion of American working classes
  • John W. Goff, born in Wexford, former member of New York Supreme Court

New York

William Taft, former American President, givesspeech at public forum in Church of the Ascension, New York. He is heckled by the crowd shouting ‘Ireland’. Taft’s position on not supporting Ireland’s call for a voice at the Peace Conference is well-known

Kilkenny

In an extraordinary escalation of the labour strife in the city with striking workers of Stathams, the Kilkenny People newspaper announces it is to cease operation in two weeks time. It says that striking workers interfered with the papers' sale last week. The Kilkenny People had refused to print some handbills for the striking workers as they felt that to do so would be an act of supporting a boycott, and they believed such a document should be printed by somebody outside of the city

11pm

Newport Road, Westport

John Charles Milling, the Resident Magistrate in the town, leaves his wife, Katherine, in the drawing room of his home to go to another room to change the clock to daylight savings ... As he moved across the hall four shots are fired at him through the window, two of which hit him. He crawled along to another room, another shot is fired, narrowly missing Katherine. Milling slumps to the floor and Katherine faints. When she comes to, she raises the alarm.

Doctors immediately come, but his condition is grave. A massive military operation commences in the Westport area once the alarm is raised

Sinn Féin Headquarters, Hardcourt St.

Eamonn de Valera takes up his office in HQ for the first time since his escape from Lincoln Prison. He gives numerous interviews to journalists and sets out the movement’s aspirations for a totally free and independent Ireland

30th March 1919

Westport

John Charles Milling, Resident Magistrate, shot yesterday in his home in Westport, dies. His murder is the first political assassination of the War of Independence

Dublin

It is reported that ten of the men that escaped from Mountjoy Prison yesterday were among the twelve men sentenced in connection with Volunteer Drilling in a hall on the Clonliffe Road on 29th January

3am

Western Road, Cork

Two RIC Constables are on patrol when they happen upon a suspicious looking man. The man refuses to answer their questions and he produces a revolver and fires 3 shots in their direction. 1 of them strikes Const. Hayes in the hip. His colleague, Const. Creed attempts to grab the man but he makes his escape towards Cross Street. Hayes is in a serious but stable condition in hospital. This is the most serious incident to date in Cork City this year

Whitehall, Rathfarnham

17 young men, the oldest of whom is 19, are arrested in a field and charged with illegal Volunteer drilling. They were surrounded by RIC Officers as they marched around the field and could not flee

Cootehill, Cavan

In one of the largest public gatherings in Cootehill's recent history, over 10,000 people gather to welcome Arthur Griffith to the constituency for the first time since his release from prison

New York

The New York Times produces a special commemorative issue for the massive homecoming parade through 5th Avenue for the official returning of the 27th Infantry from the War. Over 2 million people lined the streets on 25th March to welcome the troops home

31st March 1919

Dublin

The Irish Times publishes a scathing editorial on the state of the Irish prison system and states how ‘the sanctions of the law are dissolved more swiftly and utterly by laughter than any other agent’. This is in response to the Mountjoy prison break-out

London

The Times, in reporting on the shooting dead of J.C Milling in Westport, says that the situation in Ireland is making the Irish executive look ridiculous

London

In its report on the Mountjoy escape, The Times comments that the escape of Sinn Féin prisoners has become so commonplace that that it excites little wonder, ‘though much disgust in the minds of the public’.