Weekly Series on Centenary of Events of 1919 - 1921.
Compiling the web's most definitive timeline of years the 131 weeks during the Irish War of Independence with daily updates @ https://twitter.com/131Weeks
To-morrow being Labour Day, in Dublin all work will be at a standstill. There will be
Banks and Government offices will be open ns usual.
MAY DAY RIOTS
Reports of May Day celebrations on the continent and in America received to-day show that the demonstrations were marked by serious disorders in several cities.
The following is a summary of the most serious events reported:— IN FRANCE.-Paris was the scene of considerable disorder, collisions taking place between police and troops and the demonstrators. It is reported that 80 policemen were wounded in the course of the day. Fifteen demonstrators were wounded, several seriously. One man has died of his wounds. Over 50 arrests were made.
IN AMERICA—In New York, Boston, and Chicago disturbances took place. In Boston a riot began when police attempted to lower a red flag which the demonstrators carried. Over 100 arrests were made, and several persons wore injured by shots. A s erious collision took place in Cleveland, in which a bystander was killed and three policemen shot. About 200 men and women were badly injured. The local Socialist leaders were arrested.
IN SPAIN-ln Madrid the demonstrators attempted to enter the Bank of Spain, but were prevented by the military, of whom several officers and 23 men were wounded. Several of the demonstrators were also wounded.
As no newspapers were printed in Dublin on 1st May 1919, there was a scramble to get a glimpse of papers printed in Belfast when they arrived to Amiens Street around noon. Irish Independent, 2nd May 1919
Some of the most violent outbreaks on May Day 1919 were in Cleveland, Ohio where riots broke out in which two people were killed and over forty were injured.
Labour Day in Nenagh
The Labour Day celebrations in Neuagh, on Thursday, were carried out on a large scale, characterised by enthusiasm and good order, reflecting credit to the promoters and showing the strength and power of organised labour in North Tipperary.
All the trading houses in the town, with the exception of the banks, were closed, and there was a complete suspension of business. Pickets were stationed at various parts of the town, but the closing order was loyally obeyed by the traders, for any necessary work that was to be transacted, applied for and readily obtained the permission of the committee in charge of the aarraugements.
In the forenoon the town, with all the chops shuttered and closed, presented its usual Sunday appearance, but towards one o'clock contingents began to ariive, and in a short time the principal streets were somewhat congested with workers drawn from all parts of North Tipperary, holding themselves in readiness for the parade and demonstration.
At 2.30 the various trade bodies were formed up at the Courthouse Square for a parade through the town. The biggest display was made by the Transport Workers' Union, of which practically all the workers in North Tipperary are members. It was was represented by the members of its branches in Nenagh, Cloughjordan, Borrisokane, Newport, Silvermines, Shallee, Toomevara,Templederry, Kilbarron. Portroe, making in all over 1,000 strong, They were preceeded by a banner specially designed for the occasion. The other trade bodies parading were : The railway men, drapers' assistants, grocers' assistants, bakers' etc.
The Cloughjordan Brass and Reed Band, playing appropriate airs, led the parade, and the Nenagh, Toomevara, and Newport fife and drum bands also attended.
The members of the Newport branch Transport Workers' Union arrived as the procession had moved off and carried a red banner on which was a photo of the late Mr James Connolly. As they alighted from the cars the bearer of the flag was approached by Head-constable Peeney, who told them that it was illegal to carry a red flag. The bearer replied the flag was the workers flag and they would carry it. The members of the contingent forthwith formed into processional order and marched off to catch up with the parade, bearing the flag, with which there was no further interference.
The procession was at least two thousand strong, and the members in their orderly bearing and splendid discipline, won the aduiiration of the spectators. The principal streets having been paraded the processionists returned to the Courthouse Square, where a demonstration was held.
Mr James Whelan was, on the proposition of Mr D. Morrissey, seconded by Mr E, O'Toole, unanimously moved to the chair.
A letter was read from Mr K. Hennessy, Inchicore, a prominent member of the National Union of Railway Men, and a native of Nenagh, apologising for his inability to attend. He stated that from every standpoint Labour Day in Ireland was going to be a splendid success, and would mark an epoch in the history of the Trade Union Movement in the country. He congratulated his friends and comrades on the strides they bad made in building up the movement in the capital of North Tipperary, and expressed the hope that on some future occasion he would have the pleasure of associating himself with the occasion.
IRELAND’S FOURTEEN POINTS
In the 6.30 Edition yesterday the "Evening Herald" exclusively published , a summary of Ireland's 14 points to be submitted to the representatives of nations at the Peace Conference in Paris.
Independence tor Ireland is demanded in THE FOURTEEN POINTS carried to the Peace Conference by the American delegation lor Ireland, consisting of former Governor F. Dunne, of Illinois; Frank P. Walsh, of Kansas City, and Michael J. Ryan, of Philadelphia. These delegates took to Paris a complete statement of Ireland's case, and THE IRISH CONTENTION IS NOW PUBLISHED FOR THE FIRST TIME IN IRELAND.
It was entrusted to the delegation by Dr. Patrick McCartan, envoy of Dail Eireann in the United States. The statement has already been handed to Joseph P. Tumulty, secretary to President Wilson, and presumably handed by him to the President.
Ireland desires Impartiality in the Peace Conference. Ireland, it is pointed out, desires the Peace Congress to be beyond the power of contamination of States guilty of entering into secret treaties in conflict with their public professions and with the rights and interests of other peoples subject to these States, and that peace decisions may be of a character fiitting for the beginning of a new era of amity among nations and peaceful world powers.
Independence—Ireland, as one of the primary sovereign States, never forfeiting or losing her sovereign status or recognising the sovereignty over her of any other country, always resenting and resisting usurpation, is historically entitled to independence. Of this, the presence of England's army of occupation is England's practical admission, while all Irish national characteristics, especially love of freedom, are acknowledged by English legislation and English statesmen.
Ireland's Services to Mankind Entitle Her to Recognition.—The public profession of anxiety for civilisation as a justification of the great war gives special force to this claim. Ireland's unique services to civilisation from the 6th to the 12th centuries were most opportune and important, strengthens her constitutional light and constitute an additional special claim upon Europe to enable her to resume her independence.
Ireland's Distinct National Individuality. - For nation as for individual, the right of self-determination is indefensible, and Ireland, endowed with all the qualities, properties, and the faculties essential to a State, she is entitled to exercise them. Foreign usurpation over her is an outrage and a breach of international law, aggravated by the manner of its exercise and by the policy of defamation.
Ireland's Man-Power Adequate to Maintain Separate Nationality.General proof appears in the fact that the Irish nation still exists, in spite of the policy of extermination carried on persistently for hundreds of years, including murder by Act of Parliament.
The policy of extermination, adopted by Henry VIII, practiced by his daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, and expanded by James I, was brought to its logical perfection of inequity and the reduction of the population by one third by Cromwell; the murdereds of the people being commonly rewarded out of the property of their victims.
A nation that has survived that, the severest test of a nation’s man power of which there is record, must be indestructible’. The Great Famine was caused by carrying away the food of the nation to feed English people to the most terrible of all deaths ad forcing nearly two millions into exile.
Ireland is Economically, and Financially Sound—Ireland is effectively able to discharge the duties of independent statehood. England affords proof of this, which even she cannot.attempt to refute, by the amount of money sho has extracted from Ireland.
Ireland's industry and Trade sufficient to maintain separate Statehood. When independent she had her industries and trade in the measure customary at that time; manufactured her own requirements, used them with great profusion, and exported a considerable surplus of commodities in exchango for goods. Her industries and trade underwent normal growth until the beginning of Elizabeth's reign, at the end of which there was little left.
Thenceforward wars and English legislation combined in hostility to Irish industries, chiefly by destroying the export trade on which they depended, a tpical law, for example, permanantly prohibiting the export of glass of Irish manufacture to any country whatever.
The Irish American delegation, upon their arrival in Dublin from Paris, were greeted by Eamonn de Valera and other prominent members of Sinn Féin. Below is an image taken in the Mansion House;
Front row (L-R): Count Plunkett, Edward Dunne, Éamon de Valera, Michael Ryan, Frank Walsh. Back row (L-R): Fr Michael Flanagan, Arthur Griffith, Laurence O'Neill, and Patrick Lee. Irish Independent, 5 May 1919)
IRISH AMERICAN MISSION ARRIVES
Members of the Irish-American Mission to the Peace Conference received a warm welcome in Dublin last evening, though their decision to come to Ireland was taken at short notice, and no arrangements were made for a public reception.
They were met at Kingstown by Mr. De Valera, President, and other leading members of Dail Eireann, and were subsequently received by the Lord Mayor at the Mansion House. Mr Frank Walsh, one of the delegates, told a "Sunday Independent" representative of their labours in Paris. They came, he said, to Ireland to confer with President De Valera as to the presentation of the Irish case, and to gauge the feelings of the country for themsleves.
During their stay in Ireland they will visit Belfast, Cork, and Limerick, and prominent Irishmen, irrespective of party, will be invited to meet them. There will be a Session of Dail Eireann on Friday